The picture shows the production scene in a company in Yancheng, Jiangsu. China News Agency reporter Li Bo photo
31 provinces bright economic "transcripts"
Guangdong's Jiangsu GDP exceeded 9 trillion for the first time.
The 2018 economic “transcripts” of 31 provinces across the country have all been announced.
Beijing Youth Daily reporters found that the top ten provinces in terms of GDP last year were Guangdong, Jiangsu, Shandong, Zhejiang, Henan, Sichuan, Hubei, Hunan, Hebei, and Fujian. Among them, Guangdong and Jiangsu both lost 9 trillion yuan. It is 97,277.77 billion and the latter is 9,259.54 billion.
GDP of each province in 2018 (partial) Chart: Beijing Youth Daily
In terms of growth rate, Tibet ranks first in the country with a GDP growth rate of 10%, and it is also the only province in the country that maintains double-digit GDP growth. In addition, judging from the transcripts published by the provinces, the new economic dynamism of the country has grown rapidly, driving the rapid development of related industries, and the proportion has been continuously improved.
Guangdong ranks first, Tibet's growth rate is the first
On January 21, 2019, the National Bureau of Statistics announced the data for 2018. In 2018, the GDP for the whole year was 900.309 billion yuan. According to comparable prices, it increased by 6.6% over the previous year, achieving an expectation of around 6.5%. development Goals.
After the National Bureau of Statistics released the data, the local statistical bureaus successively published the GDP data of the provinces (urban areas). In addition, some provinces also published relevant data in the form of government work reports.
In terms of total volume, the number one is Guangdong. This is the first time in Guangdong that the total GDP of Guangdong has ranked first in the country for 30 consecutive years, and the second is Jiangsu. This is the first time that GDP in Guangdong and Jiangsu has exceeded 9 trillion. The Shandong economy, which is closely followed, ranks among the “7 trillion clubs”, Zhejiang has broken through 5 trillion yuan, and Henan and Sichuan have become “4 trillion clubs”.
Yang Xinhong, secretary of the Party Committee and Director of the Guangdong Provincial Bureau of Statistics, said that in 2018, the province's economy showed "three is not easy." First, the economic results are not easy. Second, the economic process is not easy. Third, the economic expectations are not easy. "In 2019, the province's economic growth is arranged in the range of 6% to 6.5%, and the total amount has exceeded 10 trillion. It also requires the efforts of all parties to make down-to-earth efforts."
In terms of increments, the reporter of Beiqing Daily found that the Tibet Autonomous Region ranked first in the country with a GDP growth rate of 10%, and it is also the only province in the country with a GDP growth rate of double digits. In 2017, the growth rate ranked first in the country. It is Guizhou, which is 10.20%.
Looking at the economic growth rate of 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities in 2018, there are 18 provinces in the country, namely Tibet Autonomous Region, Guizhou, Yunnan, Jiangxi, Fujian, Shaanxi, Anhui, Sichuan, Hubei, Hunan, Henan, Qinghai, Zhejiang. , Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, Guangdong, Guangxi, Jiangsu, Shanxi.
Hebei, Shanghai and Beijing are the same as the national growth rate.
New energy vehicles, industrial robots, etc. grow faster
The continuous optimization of the industrial structure is worthy of attention.
When the National Bureau of Statistics released the data in January, it was mentioned that the industrial structure continued to be optimized, and the contribution of the service industry to economic growth continued to increase. In 2018, the added value of the three industries accounted for 7.2%, 40.7%, and 52.2%, respectively.
From the perspective of industry composition, the new kinetic energy of the economy has grown rapidly, which has led to the rapid development of related industries and the increasing proportion.
According to the National Bureau of Statistics, the value-added of information transmission, software and information technology services, leasing and business services, transportation, warehousing and postal services increased by 30.7%, 8.9% and 8.1% respectively over the previous year, ahead of other industries. Growth, the added value of GDP accounted for 3.6%, 2.7% and 4.5%, respectively, which was higher or flat than the previous year.
As far as the data of various places are concerned, the new kinetic energy has a more obvious effect on the economy.
For example, the added value of Guangdong's new economy accounts for 25.5% of the regional GDP. Among them, the output of emerging industrial products is growing rapidly, the new energy vehicles are up 206.1% over the previous year, the carbon fiber reinforced composites are up 49.4%, and the servers are growing by 35.4%. The growth rate was 28.3%, and smart TV increased by 17.0%.
In addition, emerging kinetic energy in Shandong, Zhejiang, Henan, Fujian, Guangxi, and Tianjin has also grown rapidly or rapidly.
The emerging kinetic energy of Shandong Province grew rapidly last year. According to local data, Shandong's top ten information technology manufacturing, new energy and new materials, and high-end equipment maintained rapid growth last year.
Hainan's financial and service industries all invest in growth
The investment situation is also worthy of attention. In 2018, the country's investment growth slowed down and stabilized. The growth rate of manufacturing investment and private investment accelerated. According to the statistics of the National Bureau of Statistics, the national fixed asset investment (excluding rural households) was 635.36 billion yuan, an increase of 5.9% over the previous year. The growth rate is 0.5 percentage points faster than the previous three quarters. Among them, private investment was 394.051 billion yuan, an increase of 8.7%, 2.7 percentage points faster than the previous year. Investment in high-tech manufacturing and equipment manufacturing has also increased compared with the previous year.
The investment situation varies from place to place.
Investment in Guizhou continued to grow rapidly. In 2018, Guizhou's fixed asset investment increased by 15.8% over the previous year, and the growth rate was 9.9 percentage points higher than the national level. The more prominent is big data, the province's investment in information transmission, software and information technology services related to big data. Last year, it increased by 49.7%.
In addition, Hainan's fixed asset investment institutions have also been optimized. According to Hainan's data, Hainan's fixed asset investment (excluding farmers) in the whole year decreased by 12.5% compared with the previous year. Among them, real estate development investment fell 16.5%, and non-real estate development investment fell 8.4%. Investment in accommodation and catering industry increased by 11.6%, investment in financial industry increased by 74.4%, and investment in residential services and other service industries increased by 26.0%, both of which were significantly faster than the growth rate of all investment.
Three provinces in Northeast China
Liaoning's growth rate is at the top
Some key areas such as the three eastern provinces are also worthy of attention. According to preliminary statistics, in 2018, the GDP growth rate of Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang reached 5.7%, 4.5% and 5% respectively. Among them, the annual GDP of Liaoning Province was 2.53 trillion yuan, calculated at comparable prices, compared with the previous year. The growth rate was 5.7%, and the growth rate ranked first in the three northeastern provinces.
In terms of new kinetic energy, investment in aviation, spacecraft and equipment manufacturing in Liaoning Province has grown at a bright rate of 17.4%. In addition, new energy vehicles and industrial robots are also worthy of attention. New energy vehicle production has increased by 4.7 times and industrial robot production has increased by 18%. The output of urban rail vehicles increased by 14.1%, and the output of optical cables increased by 12.5%.
In addition, in the first three quarters of 2018, the added value of high-tech manufacturing in Heilongjiang Province increased by 10.5% year-on-year, an increase of 7.8 percentage points. Among them, the output of new energy vehicles increased by 35.6%, and the output of industrial robots increased by 1.1 times.
There are indications that the new kinetic energy in the Northeast is growing rapidly, and the new business is quietly laying out.
According to the National Bureau of Statistics, in 2019, we will continue to seize and use important strategic opportunities, adhere to the overall tone of the work, adhere to the new development concept, persist in promoting high-quality development, and adhere to the supply-side structural reform as the main line. Continue to lay out three major battles, focus on stimulating market vitality, demand potential and endogenous motivation, and overall plan to promote steady growth, promote reform, adjust structure, benefit people's livelihood, and prevent risks. Macroeconomic policies should strengthen countercyclical adjustment, and structural policies must Strengthening the construction of institutional mechanisms, social policies should strengthen the support function of the bottom, and maintain sustained and healthy economic development and overall social stability. Reporter Meng Yaxu
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