In order to ensure the safe, stable and orderly transition of Beijing Daxing International Airport and promote the balanced development of Beijing's “one city, two markets” international dual hub construction, the Civil Aviation Administration officially issued the “Beijing Daxing International Airport Transfer and Operation” and “One City” Two “flight time resource allocation plans” (hereinafter referred to as “configuration plan”) and “Beijing “one city two” transfer coordination period resource coordination plan (hereinafter referred to as “coordination plan”). The “Configuration Plan” and “Coordination Plan” are applicable to domestic airlines, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan regions and foreign airlines respectively. The validity period is from the date of operation of Beijing Daxing International Airport to March 26, 2022.
The “Configuration Plan” and “Coordination Plan” have planned the positioning targets of “one city, two games” in Beijing. In terms of functional positioning, Beijing Daxing International Airport is positioned as a large international aviation hub, the country develops a new power source, and the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei regional integrated transportation hub supporting the construction of Xiong'an New District will achieve passenger throughput in 2021 and 2025 respectively. The construction and operation target of 45 million passengers and 72 million passengers; Beijing Capital International Airport is positioned as a large international aviation hub, an important composite hub in the Asia-Pacific region, serving the core functions of the capital, and will alleviate “congestion” and improve quality on the existing basis. Increase efficiency and achieve the goal of passenger throughput of 82 million passengers. In terms of development goals, the two games will form a “double hub” airport structure with coordinated development, moderate competition and international first-class competitiveness, and promote the construction of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Airport into a world-class airport group.
Beijing Daxing International Airport Weibo@北京大兴
The “Configuration Plan” and “Coordination Plan” clarified the Beijing Daxing International Airport transfer operation plan. Among them, China Southern Airlines, China Eastern Airlines related airlines and Capital Airlines, China United Airlines transferred to Beijing Daxing International Airport; AVIC related airlines, Hainan Airlines, Daxin Huahang and other companies reserved to operate in the Capital Airport; China Post Airlines can operate in two Other domestic airlines may choose to operate at any airport, but not for two flights; foreign airlines and Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan airlines may choose to operate the airport at their own discretion, including two runs. The transfer operation will be carried out in stages according to the principle of safety, stability and order. From the winter season of 2019 to the winter season of 2021, all airlines that need to transfer will complete all the transitions in 5 seasons. jobs.
The “Configuration Plan” and the “Coordination Plan” make full use of market-oriented measures such as “promoting change, promoting transfer”, and giving priority to the structural adjustment and new time-matching incentives for Chinese and foreign airlines that change according to requirements. Chinese and foreign airlines will transfer to Daxing International Airport as soon as possible. At the same time, the two “Programs” are also clear, and will take the “transition, re-optimization, and post-increment” measures for Beijing Daxing International Airport and Beijing Capital International Airport to allocate time resources to Daxing International Airport to reach an annual passenger throughput of 45 million. After the number of people's goals, the two flights achieved balanced growth.
Interpretation | “Beijing Daxing International Airport Transfer and Operation and “One City, Two Fields” Flight Time Resource Allocation Scheme” “Beijing “One City, Two Markets” Transition and Operation Period Resource Coordination Plan”
In 2019, Beijing will “fly” into the era of dual hubs. Which airlines will “separate” into Beijing Daxing International Airport? How to ensure the smooth progress of the commissioning and commissioning work, and let passengers take the opportunity to be convenient and orderly? While encouraging the development of Beijing Daxing International Airport, how to realize the effective allocation of “one city and two” flight resources and promote the coordinated development of “double hub” airports?
Recently, the Civil Aviation Administration issued the “Beijing Daxing International Airport Transfer and Operation and the “One City, Two Fields” Flight Time Resource Allocation Scheme” “Beijing “One City, Two Markets” Transition and Operation Period Resource Coordination Plan” (hereinafter referred to as the “Program 》), answered the above questions. On the occasion of the promulgation of the “Program”, the reporter interviewed the relevant person in charge of the Transportation Department of the Civil Aviation Administration.
Reporter: In the “one city and two games” pattern, the functional positioning and resource allocation of each airport are concerned by all parties. In order to ensure the smooth transition of Beijing Daxing International Airport, what principles have been adhered to in the formulation of the “Program”?
A: The formulation of the “Program” has generally adhered to the three principles: First, the principle of safe, stable, and orderly operation. After the operation, the distribution implementation and gradual transition will be adopted. In the initial stage, only a small number of flights will be arranged, and all the transitions will be completed before the 2022 Beijing Winter Olympics. The second is the principle of high quality and sustainable development. During the transition period, the operating capacity and time resources of Beijing's two airports were reasonably controlled. The capacity of Beijing Daxing Airport was 1,050 sorties/day, and the peak hour capacity was 62 sorties/hour; the capital airport capacity was 1,350 sorties/day, and the peak hour capacity was 70. The number of trips/hour, and strive to achieve a normal rate of more than 80%. At the same time, the airline's time structure optimization and time resource allocation are linked to operational indicators such as airline safety level and flight normality level. The third is the principle of market-based and administrative supplement. Make full use of market-oriented measures such as “promoting the promotion and promoting the transfer” to encourage Chinese and foreign airlines to make early transitions; part of the incremental flight time is used for distribution awards, part is used for public allocation; foreign airlines and Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan regions are allowed to be aired. The company chooses to operate the airport on its own and includes two operations.
Reporter: After the operation of Beijing Daxing International Airport, which airlines will be stationed? To what extent will the operational pressure of the Capital Airport be shared?
A: According to Beijing Daxing International Airport airline base construction plan, China Eastern Airlines and China Southern Airlines are the main base airlines of Beijing Daxing International Airport, China Eastern Airlines Group (East China Airlines, Shanghai Airlines, China United Airlines, China Eastern Airlines Jiangsu, China Eastern Airlines Yunnan, China Eastern Airlines Wuhan), China Southern Airlines The Group (China Southern Airlines, Xiamen Airlines, Hebei Airlines, Jiangxi Airlines, Chongqing Airlines, Shantou Airlines, Zhuhai Airlines, Guizhou Airlines, China Southern Airlines), Capital Airlines and other companies will be transferred to Beijing Daxing International Airport operation; Air China is Beijing Capital International The main base airlines of the airport, AVIC Group (Air China, Air China Cargo, Shenzhen Airlines, Shandong Airlines, Kunming Airlines, Air China Inner Mongolia, Beijing Airlines, Dalian Airlines), Hainan Airlines, Daxin Huahang and other companies remain in Beijing Capital International Airport operations. It should be emphasized that, except for China Post Airlines, which can operate in two flights, other domestic airlines can operate at Beijing Capital International Airport or Beijing Daxing International Airport, but not for two flights, but foreign airlines, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan regions Airlines can choose to operate the airport at their own pace, including two runs.
It is foreseeable that the throughput of Beijing Capital Airport will be diverted as Beijing Daxing International Airport is put into use. We know that the passenger throughput of the Capital Airport exceeded 100 million passengers for the first time in the recent past, and it has become the second airport in the world with a passenger volume exceeding 100 million. As the busiest airport in China, in recent years, Beijing Capital Airport has continued to operate at an ultra-capacity level, and the contradiction of various operational support resources is outstanding. The operation of Beijing Daxing International Airport can quickly release the overcapacity of the Capital Airport and meet the demand for quality and efficiency improvement of the Capital Airport. It is of great significance to improve the punctuality rate and improve the service quality of flights.
According to the “Program”, by 2021, the daily average flight volume of Beijing Daxing International Airport will reach 1,050 sorties, basically achieving the goal of 45 million passengers throughput; by 2015, the average daily flight volume will reach 1,570 sorties, basically achieving 72 million passengers. The goal of passenger throughput. At the same time, Beijing Capital International Airport will adopt a “quality improvement and efficiency improvement” transformation plan from 2020 to 2025 to achieve a passenger throughput of 82 million passengers.
Reporter: Is there a few stages in the transition? What is the final completion time node?
A: The transfer of Beijing Daxing International Airport is neither like the closure of the old airport in Kunming, the opening of the new airport, or the transition of the airport T3, Wuhan, Chongqing and other airports from one terminal to another. . The transfer of Beijing Daxing International Airport is the simultaneous operation of Beijing Daxing International Airport and Capital Airport as a “double hub”. Not only the airspace terminal area has undergone tremendous changes, but also the aviation market and air transportation capacity will be “transferred” between the two. The transition rhythm arrangement not only determines the scale of operation in the next two games, but also determines the development pattern of the next two hubs. Therefore, we will make a transitional transition in advance, for the smooth start of Beijing Daxing International Airport and the safe, stable and high-quality operation for a long period of time. For the future development of Capital Airport and Beijing Daxing International Airport, even Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei The coordinated development of the three regional airport groups is crucial.
Specifically, the transition will continue from the date of commissioning to the winter and spring season of 2021, with a total of five seasons. Among them, before September 30, 2019, Beijing Daxing International Airport will officially start sailing. China Eastern Airlines, China Southern Airlines, Hebei Airlines and China United Airlines will be put into operation first. In the same period, Beijing Nanyuan Airport will be officially closed. From then on to the winter and spring season of 2021, the airline will gradually complete all the conversion operations according to the adjustment of the season.
Reporter: In terms of flight resource allocation, what are the preferential policies for airlines entering Beijing Daxing International Airport?
A: As we all know, the flight time allocation policy determines the business structure and business volume of Beijing Daxing International Airport, which has a crucial impact on the quality of airport hub routes. Therefore, in terms of the allocation of flight resources, we have proposed market-oriented measures such as “promoting the promotion and promoting the transfer” to encourage the airlines to switch to Beijing Daxing Airport.
The so-called “promoting to promote” means that airlines that change as early as possible according to the requirements of the program can prioritize the optimization of historical moments. The so-called “increase and promote” refers to companies that change according to the requirements of the program, and can give a certain proportion of time allocation awards. For example, domestic airlines with more than 100 shifts, such as the one-off transition in the summer and autumn seasons of 2020, the winter and spring seasons of 2020, and the summer and autumn seasons of 2021, can be allocated 40%, 30%, and 20% respectively. Rewards, such as phased transitions, receive time bonuses of 35%, 25%, and 15% respectively; domestic airlines with less than 50 shifts, such as the winter and spring seasons of 2019, the summer and autumn seasons of 2020, and 2020 In the winter and spring season, the summer and autumn seasons of 2021 will be transferred at one time, and 35%, 35%, 20%, and 10% of the time will be awarded respectively. The staged transition will not be allocated at all times; Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan and foreign airlines For example, in the 2019 winter and spring season, the 2020 summer and autumn season, the 2020 winter and spring season, and the 2021 summer and autumn season, a one-time transition can be awarded 35%, 30%, 20%, 15% respectively. The transition will not be allocated at all times.
Reporter: After the completion of Beijing Daxing International Airport, how to achieve its coordinated development with Beijing Capital Airport?
A: After the operation of Beijing Daxing International Airport, there will be two large international aviation hubs in the Beijing area. How to deal with the relationship between “double hubs” and promote the formation of a coordinated international development, moderate competition, and international first-class competitiveness of the international hub airport is of great significance for achieving high-quality and sustainable development of China's civil aviation.
In terms of flight time resource allocation, the “plan” takes into account the resource allocation of the two sites, and adopts the measures of “translating, re-optimizing, and post-incrementing” to allocate time resources: that is, at the beginning of the operation of Daxing Airport, only the capital is translated. The time of the airport and Nanyuan Airport; during the transition, when the peak hour capacity of Capital International Airport and Beijing Daxing International Airport were below 70 sorties/hour (inclusive) and 62 sorties/hour (inclusive) respectively, two The flight time structure optimization adjustment can be gradually carried out within the peak hour capacity standard; after the 2020 summer and autumn flight season, Beijing Daxing International Airport can gradually increase the flight time, and wait for Beijing Daxing International Airport to achieve 45 million passenger throughput staged investment. After the target, or after the winter and spring seasons of 2021, the Capital Airport can concentrate on new flight schedules to achieve the goal of creating a “double hub” and promote coordinated development.
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