Ecological Civilization Experimental Zone (Hainan) Program: The average annual concentration of PM2.5 in 2020 is not higher than 18 μg/m3
Every reporter Li Wei, every edited by Lu Jiu’an
Sanya scenery Photo source: photo network
On May 12, according to Xinhua News Agency, recently, the General Office of the CPC Central Committee and the General Office of the State Council issued the “National Ecological Civilization Experimental Zone (Hainan) Implementation Plan” (hereinafter referred to as the “Program”), document requirements, through the construction of the pilot zone, Ensure that the ecological environment quality of Hainan Province can only be better and can not be deteriorated, and the people’s sense of gaining an excellent ecological environment is further enhanced.
Chinese government network screenshot
The “Proposal” requires that by 2020, the proportion of urban air quality excellent days will remain above 98%, the average annual concentration of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) will not exceed 18 micrograms / cubic meter and strive to further decline; basically eliminate the inferior V water body The water quality of the main rivers and lakes is over 95%, and the quality of water ecological environment in the coastal waters is above 98%.
At the same time, the “Proposal” put forward a lot of innovative requirements for the construction of ecological civilization in Hainan, such as: research on the blue carbon standard system and trading mechanism, and explore the establishment of an international carbon emission trading place in compliance with laws and regulations; Market-oriented transfer pilot; before the end of 2020, the production, sale and use of disposable non-degradable plastic bags and plastic tableware will be completely banned throughout the province.
The reporter of “Daily Economic News” learned that the atmosphere, water and other environment in Hainan Province are at the leading level nationwide. However, from the feedback from the central environmental protection inspectors, Hainan Province still has many problems in ecological environment protection. The “Proposal” puts forward very specific and specific measures for changing the ecological environment of Hainan.
The average annual concentration of PM2.5 in 2020 is not higher than 18 μg/m3
The “Proposal” puts forward four strategic orientations: a model area for ecological civilization system reform, a land and sea development protection development practice area, an ecological value realization mechanism test area, and a clean energy priority development demonstration area.
The “Proposal” requires that through the construction of the experimental area, the ecological environment quality of Hainan Province can only be better and can not be deteriorated, and the people’s sense of gaining an excellent ecological environment is further enhanced.
In the main target, it is proposed that by 2020, significant progress will be made in the construction of the pilot area, and the land-based space protection development system coordinated by the sea, land and sea will be basically established, and the land-based space development pattern will be further optimized; the ecological environment problems will be basically solved, and the ecology will be solved. The long-term safeguard mechanism for environmental governance was initially established, and the quality of ecological environment continued to maintain the national first-class level; the construction of the ecological civilization system has made remarkable progress, and it is at the forefront in promoting the modernization of the ecological civilization system and governance capacity; the supply of high-quality ecological products and ecology The ecological economic model of value realization and sharing of green development achievements has taken shape, and the quality and efficiency of economic development have been significantly improved; the green, environmentally friendly and economical consumption patterns and lifestyles have been widely promoted.
Hainan Sanya Photograph Network
Among them, the specific indicators include: the proportion of urban air quality excellent days is maintained above 98%, the average annual concentration of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is not higher than 18 micrograms / cubic meter and strive to further decline; basically eliminate inferior V water bodies, major rivers The excellent water quality of the lake library is above 95%, and the excellent rate of water ecological environment quality in the coastal waters is above 98%; the overall quality of soil ecological environment remains stable; the soil erosion rate is controlled within 5%, and the forest coverage rate is stable above 62%. Maintaining 909,000 mu of permanent basic farmland, the wetland area is not less than 4.8 million mu, the natural shoreline retention rate of Hainan Island is not less than 60%; the energy consumption per unit of GDP is 10% lower than that of 2015, and the GDP per unit of area is carbon dioxide. Emissions fell by 12% from 2015, and the proportion of clean energy installed capacity increased to over 50%.
At the same time, by 2025, the ecological civilization system will be more perfect, and the level of modernization of the governance system and governance capacity in the ecological civilization will be significantly improved; the quality of the ecological environment will continue to maintain the national leading level. By 2035, eco-environmental quality and resource utilization efficiency are among the world’s leading levels, and Hainan has become a beautiful business card to showcase the construction of beautiful China.
Innovative exploration of the realization mechanism of ecological product value
In order to achieve the set goals, the “Proposal” further proposed six key tasks, including: building a national land space development and protection system, promoting the formation of a new pattern of land and sea development protection, establishing and improving the ecological environment quality consolidation and upgrading mechanism, and establishing a sound ecological environment. And resources to protect the modern regulatory system, innovatively explore the realization of the value of ecological products, and promote the formation of a green production lifestyle.
These include: benchmarking the world’s leading level, research and development of environmental air quality in stages. Establish a system for focusing on the management of water body information disclosure, and failing to meet the standards for water quality or seriously reducing the number of local government officials. By 2020, the province will basically realize the full coverage of the province’s domestic waste transfer system, and the harmless treatment rate of domestic garbage will reach 95%. The overall layout and high standard construction of domestic waste incineration power generation projects will greatly increase the proportion of incineration disposal. Establish a “blacklist” system for environmental pollution, so that environmentally-friendly and untrustworthy enterprises are restricted everywhere. Implement the most stringent import and export environmental safety access management mechanism, prohibiting the import of “foreign garbage”.
At the end of 2017, the Central Environmental Protection Inspector Group reported to Hainan that the inspectors had already approved the destruction of the local ecology in the real estate industry. “The financial sector relies too much on real estate. Where does the real estate enterprise point to where the government plans to go, drums and ruined? Ecology.”
The “Program” emphasizes the delineation of marine biological resources protection lines and reclamation control lines, and strict control of natural ecological space use. By 2020, the red line area of land ecological protection accounts for not less than 27.3% of the total land area of Hainan Island, and the red line area of ecological protection in coastal areas accounts for not less than 35.1% of the total area of Hainan Island. Establish a normalized and real-time planning supervision mechanism, use the basic information platform of the national land space planning to carry out monitoring, early warning, supervision and evaluation of the planning implementation, and carry out planning and implementation evaluation in a timely manner.
At the same time, the “Proposal” proposes to innovate and explore the realization mechanism of the value of ecological products. Explore the establishment of a natural resource asset property system and a system of paid use. Combined with the third national land survey, we will find out the distribution of various natural resources, the status of land use and the status of ownership. Haikou City, Sanya City, Wenchang City, Baoting County and Changjiang County were selected as provincial pilots to carry out the registration of all-factor natural resource assets such as water flow, forests, mountains, wasteland, tidal flats and proven reserves of mineral resources. Pilot work programme. Piloting the agency mechanism for ownership of state-owned natural resources assets. Promote the conversion of collective land, forest land and other natural resource assets into equity of enterprises and cooperatives, resources to change assets, farmers to change shareholders, and farmers to share property rights for a long time. Explore the establishment of a water rights system and conduct water rights pilots in the Chitian Reservoir Basin. Improve the assessment methods and management systems for all natural resources assets of the whole people, and incorporate the ecological environment costs into the price formation mechanism.
The “Proposal” clarifies that before the end of 2019, the implementation plan for the paid use system of all natural resources in Hainan Province will be introduced. The typical regional pilot study will be conducted to study the system of paid use of state-owned forest resources, and the practice of paid use of sea areas and non-resident islands will be carried out in depth to develop non-resident islands. The right to use market-oriented transfer pilot.
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