Xinhuanet Beijing January 31st (Chen Junsong) as one of the "six stables", steady investment needs to continue to exert strength. Doing a good job of stable investment is of great significance for stabilizing growth and deepening supply-side structural reforms.
At the local two conferences that are being held one after another, many provinces have proposed to play a key role in investment and fill in the shortcomings of rural infrastructure and public services. At the same time, new infrastructure construction and investment to promote coordinated regional development will also be an important task this year.
Traditional infrastructure continues to work
The Central Economic Work Conference pointed out: "The potential for investment demand in China's development is still huge at present, and it is necessary to play a key role in investment." This includes increasing investment in inter-city transportation, logistics, municipal infrastructure, and complementing rural infrastructure and public service facilities. Construction of short board and so on.
From the two conferences held in the past, large-scale investment in infrastructure construction will remain an important focus for local “stable investment” this year.
On December 25, 2018, D9551 first train passed the Fuchunjiang Bridge (unmanned aerial vehicle). Xinhua News Agency reporter Xing Guangli photo
Anhui's fixed asset investment target growth rate this year is 10%, and key projects include high-speed rail, intercity railway, airport expansion, Yangtze River Bridge, and Yangtze River and Huaihe River.
The Zhejiang government's work report will be the top of the goal of “steady and stable enterprise growth”, which is the first target in 2019. Actively expanding effective investment is an important part of it. This year, Zhejiang will comprehensively carry out the “Big Four” construction of Dawan District, Grand Garden, Grand Passage and Metropolitan Area, and strive to promote five hundred billion investment projects and enhance the competitiveness of the eight trillion industries.
The Liaoning Provincial Government Work Report clearly stated that it should “do everything possible to expand effective investment and form a new support for economic development” and carry out the “Double Hundred Attacks” initiative, that is, to accelerate the construction of 100 major projects and sign the contract for 100 key investment projects.
In addition, Guangdong Province has arranged 650 billion yuan of provincial key projects this year, of which more than 60% will be used for infrastructure. Shanghai will start construction of the airport tie line, the rail traffic Chongming line, and promote the construction of major infrastructure such as the North Cross Passage and Pudong International Airport Phase III.
The recently released economic data for 2018 shows that in 2018, national fixed asset investment exceeded 63 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 5.9%, of which infrastructure investment increased by 3.8%.
Ning Jiwei, director of the National Bureau of Statistics, said that infrastructure is still an important area for us to fill the shortcomings. “Compared with developed countries, although we have a relatively new highway network, the mileage of high-speed railway is also the largest in the world, but the per capita infrastructure stock is significantly lower than that of developed countries.”
In Ningji's view, this year's policy continues to be exerted and implemented, and investment data is expected to be stronger than last year.
New infrastructure such as 5G will be launched one after another
The Central Economic Work Conference emphasized the need to accelerate the pace of 5G commercialization and strengthen the construction of new infrastructure such as artificial intelligence, industrial Internet, and Internet of Things.
This requirement was quickly deployed in the government work report of the local two associations. This also means that this round of infrastructure is different from the past, and the new infrastructure will also become one of the main directions of steady growth and steady investment.
Beijing proposed to speed up the construction of new infrastructure such as 5G and Industrial Internet, and continue to vigorously expand the application scenarios of various innovative technologies.
An automatic aircraft used by the 5G network-based intelligent air traffic platform photographed at the exhibition site on January 19. Xinhua News Agency reporter Xu Wei photo
Henan will implement a number of basic, overall and strategic major information network infrastructure projects. Promote the scale deployment of next-generation Internet and the construction of Gigabit cities, and accelerate the pace of 5G commercialization.
In addition, Guangdong proposed to launch 5G network deployment in the Pearl River Delta urban agglomeration; Zhejiang is clear that it is necessary to take the lead in launching 5G commercialization and striving for the national digital economy demonstration province; Fujian emphasizes vigorously developing big data, Internet of Things, artificial intelligence, 5G commercial and district The blockchain industry implements 100 personal intelligence application demonstration projects in the fields of manufacturing and finance.
It is worth noting that both Anhui and Henan have proposed to build a super-calculation center. At present, China has several national super-calculation centers, which are located in Tianjin, Jinan, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Shanghai, Wuxi and other places.
Multi-distribution of cross-regional investments
Implementing a regional coordinated development strategy is an important support for narrowing regional development gaps and achieving equalization of public services. In the government work report of various places, investment in regional coordinated development is another major attraction of this year's “stable investment”.
The government work reports of Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei all proposed relevant measures for the integration of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and supporting the Xiong'an New District.
For example, Tianjin proposed to start construction of the Tianjin-Beijing new airport connecting line, speed up the construction of the Keihin and Beijing-Tangshan railways, and actively promote the preliminary work of the Beijing-Shanghai high-speed rail two-channel and Jincheng inter-city projects. Hebei proposed to speed up the construction of Xiongshi Intercity and Beijing-Qinhuang Expressway, and fully support the construction of Beijing City Sub-center and Daxing International Airport.
On December 16, 2018, the overpass of the second phase of the Beijing-Qinhuangdao Expressway was taken at the Yutian West Import and Export Office in Hebei. Xinhua News Agency reporter Yang Shizhen photo
In accelerating the development of higher quality integration in the Yangtze River Delta, Anhui proposed to speed up the integration of infrastructure, public services and market supervision, and promote the unified planning of world-class airport groups, inter-city orbital circles, national and provincial trunk lines, and oil and gas pipeline networks. And construction. Shanghai will promote major infrastructure construction such as the Shanghai section of the Shanghai-Taiwan Railway and the Shanghai-Suzhou Railway this year.
Guangdong, Hong Kong, Macau and Dawan District will be the focus of Guangdong's infrastructure this year. "This year will focus on infrastructure construction in Guangdong, Hong Kong, Macao and Dawan District construction and regional coordinated development, especially the construction of transportation infrastructure as an important task." Ge Changwei, director of the Guangdong Provincial Development and Reform Commission said.
Lian Weiliang, deputy director of the National Development and Reform Commission, said recently that this year's major regional strategy will be implemented in depth. "For example, to promote the implementation of the planning policy of Xiong'an New District, start construction of a number of landmark projects, compile and implement the Outline of the Yangtze River Delta Regional Integration Development Plan, and accelerate the improvement of the Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao Dawan District Construction Planning Policy System."
Tap the potential of private investment
With the increase of investment, innovative financing mechanisms and solving the problem of funding sources are also issues that need to be carefully considered. Judging from the work reports of local governments, local debts and the potential of tapping private capital have been mentioned many times.
Guizhou, Guangdong and other places will establish and improve a long-term mechanism for the promotion of private capital projects. For example, Guizhou will relax private investment access, standardize and promote PPP projects, implement 1,000 key private investment projects, and ensure the completion of private investment of 650 billion yuan.
Fujian also proposed that it will improve the pool of key projects for attracting private investment and encourage private capital to participate in PPP projects through mixed ownership and joint bidding. At the same time, it will explore the establishment of infrastructure investment funds, promote market-oriented operations, and make good use of local government special bonds.
Xinjiang said that it should make overall use of fiscal funds such as budgetary investment and local government bonds, and play the role of fiscal funds in “four or two” to guide more social capital and financial capital into key areas and weak links.
In addition, Sichuan, Tianjin and other places hope to attract social capital investment through asset securitization and other means. Zhejiang has proposed a reform direction in terms of deepening the examination and approval system for enterprise investment projects.
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