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Private economic policy of 22 provinces: distribution of trillions of red packets, nearly trillion

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The private economy has the characteristics of “five-seven-seven-nine-nine” and faces three mountains, “the iceberg of the market, the mountain of financing, and the volcano of transformation”. On November 1, 2018, a private enterprise symposium was held to support the development of private enterprises. Since then, various provinces have promoted private economy promotion policies.

According to the incomplete statistics of the news (www.thepaper.cn), as of January 8, 22 provinces have introduced policies to promote the development of private economy, from tax reduction and fee reduction, to alleviate the difficulty of financing, and to enhance the competitiveness of private enterprises. Supporting private enterprises in the perspective of safeguarding the legitimate rights and interests of private enterprises, optimizing the business environment and implementing policies.

In order to reduce the cost of private enterprises, Zhejiang has proposed to reduce the burden of enterprises to 500 billion yuan. Jiangxi strives to reduce the cost of enterprises in the province by more than 120 billion yuan in 2018 and reduce it by more than 280 billion yuan in three years. A total of more than one province has distributed a trillion yuan to reduce the burden of red packets.

In order to remove the “financing mountain” of private enterprises, the total number of bailout funds set up in Fujian, Chongqing, Inner Mongolia, Anhui, Shandong and other provinces exceeds 100 billion yuan. Beijing and Shanghai have proposed a guarantee fund of 10 billion yuan; Zhejiang, Anhui and Chongqing will each add 100 billion yuan in loans.

The specific implementation of the science and technology board has also been incorporated into the measures to promote the development of the private economy since November last year. In at least 8 provinces such as Shandong, Shanxi, and Anhui, in the private economic policy, they proposed to do a good job in the training services for landing the board, or to award the listed companies in the science and technology sector.

The competition for talents continues to advance. Many provinces aim at high-level talents to play combination punches, including providing preferential policies for talents such as settlement, housing, medical treatment, children's enrollment, spouse employment, job title evaluation, and financial support.

In order to promote the implementation of various policies, Shandong and Zhejiang require cadres to lead the grassroots; Shandong, Jilin, and Guangxi all require a leader to contact a number of enterprises, chambers of commerce or projects; the chief service officers of Inner Mongolia and Guangdong focus on “ One-on-one tracking coordination. Shandong, Liaoning, and Hebei demanded a “negative list” of political and business contacts, and Guangzhou City of Guangdong Province has issued “negative list” rules. At least 9 provinces such as Liaoning and Hebei require that the development of the private economy be included in the assessment of government officials.

Private economic policy of 22 provinces: distribution of trillions of red packets, nearly trillion -Private-economic-policy-of-22-provinces-distribution-of-trillions-of-red-packets-nearly-trillion

22 provinces private economic policy inventoryTotally distributes trillions of yuan to reduce the burden of red packets

On November 12, 2018, Liu Kun, secretary of the Party Group and Minister of the Ministry of Finance, published an article entitled "Improving the Financial System for Promoting High-Quality Development" in the "Learning Times". It is mentioned that the various tax reduction and fee reduction policies that were established at the beginning of 2018 have been implemented, and a series of measures to promote the development of the real economy introduced in the middle of the year are expected to reduce the burden by more than 1.3 trillion yuan in 2018.

In order to reduce the cost of private enterprises, the private economic policies promulgated by the provinces mainly reduce tax and reduce fees for private enterprises from the perspective of tax incentives, reduce production costs for private enterprises from the perspective of price adjustment of production materials, and increase private financing from financial institutions. Reduce financing costs and reduce institutional transaction costs for private enterprises from the perspective of decentralization.

The 28 measures in Jiangsu all focus on reducing costs and reducing the burden, which is expected to reduce the cost of the real economy enterprises by about 60 billion yuan. Among them, it is estimated that the burden of reducing taxes and fees on enterprises will be about 30.7 billion yuan, the cost of electricity consumption will be reduced by about 11.8 billion yuan, the cost of land use and innovation will be reduced by about 1 billion yuan, the cost of labor will be reduced by about 9 billion yuan, and the cost of logistics will be reduced by 1.46 billion yuan. Reduce the financing cost by about 5 billion yuan and reduce the institutional transaction cost by about 500 million yuan.

The 22 measures in Jiangxi also focus on reducing costs and reducing burdens, and strive to reduce the cost of enterprises in the province by more than 120 billion yuan in 2018 and reduce more than 280 billion yuan in three years. Zhejiang has proposed that the company's cost reduction for the three years will reach 500 billion yuan. Shanxi is required to achieve a tax reduction of more than 27.5 billion yuan for private enterprises in 2019.

Earlier, Guangdong announced in September 2018 that "Guangdong Province's Several Policy Measures to Reduce the Cost of Manufacturing Enterprises to Support the Development of the Real Economy (Revised)" mentioned that it is estimated that the direct cost reduction for enterprises will exceed 200 billion yuan in 2018-2020. . In the "five-year action plan for the reform of the "distribution of the garrison" in Hebei Province (2018-2022)" announced by Hebei in August 2018, it is proposed to vigorously carry out the reform of taxes and fees, reduce the burden on the market, and strive for 2018-2022. Every year, the cost of a real economy enterprise will be reduced by 30 billion yuan, and it will be reduced by about 150 billion yuan in five years, so that enterprises can be lightly loaded.

Accumulated 100 billion yuan bailout fund, nearly 1 trillion yuan of new loans

In order to remove the “financing mountain” in the three large mountains of private enterprises, the problem of financing difficulties and financing is alleviated. Fujian, Chongqing, Inner Mongolia, Anhui, Shandong and other provinces “real gold and silver” help private enterprises, and only the total funds for bailouts are set up. It is over 100 billion yuan. In addition, Beijing and Shanghai proposed a guarantee fund of 10 billion yuan; Zhejiang, Anhui and Chongqing will each add 100 billion yuan in loans.

In the case of bailout funds and development funds, the amount of funds in multiple provinces is mainly at the level of 10 billion yuan. Fujian requires provincial-level establishment and issuance of a total fund of 15 billion yuan. Chongqing requires the municipal level to establish a private enterprise bailout fund with a scale of not less than 10 billion yuan. Anhui requires the establishment of a bailout fund of more than 10 billion yuan. Tianjin proposed to set up a private enterprise bailout fund with a total scale of 10 billion yuan. Inner Mongolia proposed the establishment of a 10 billion yuan enterprise poverty alleviation development fund. Shanghai and Hubei demanded the establishment of a 10 billion yuan listed company's bailout fund. Shandong, Shanxi, and Ningxia respectively proposed the establishment of a 10 billion yuan, 5 billion yuan, and 3 billion yuan private enterprise bailout fund. Shaanxi asked the joint state-owned platform, brokerages, financial institutions, etc. to jointly set up a 5 billion yuan private enterprise bailout fund.

In addition to the private economy policy that has been introduced to mention the bailout fund, Beijing Mayor Chen Jining said in an interview with the media in November 2018 that Beijing, district and social funds will also build a total of more than 35 billion yuan. Difficult "funds pool" to support listed companies to carry out equity financing.

At the same time, Zhejiang proposed to set up a provincial-level support for private enterprises with a total of more than 40 billion yuan for three years. Jilin proposed the establishment of a 10 billion yuan industrial transformation development fund. Inner Mongolia requires the establishment of a 10 billion yuan enterprise liquidity risk prevention and control fund. Tianjin has requested the establishment of a special fund for the development of private enterprises of 10 billion yuan.

In terms of guarantee funds, Shanghai is required to gradually expand the scale of policy financing guarantee funds for small and medium-sized enterprises to 10 billion yuan. Beijing proposed to expand the municipal-level financing guarantee fund to 10 billion yuan. Hubei requires the establishment of a 10 billion yuan guarantee re-guarantee fund. Tianjin proposed the establishment of a 5 billion yuan financing guarantee development fund.

In addition, Zhejiang, Anhui, and Chongqing all require new loans of 100 billion yuan. Zhejiang proposed that the province should add 500 billion yuan for small and micro enterprise loans. Anhui clearly 2020, the province's banking financial institutions added loans to private enterprises accounted for not less than 50% of new corporate loans, estimated to increase the loan by 200 billion yuan; strive to 2020, the province's new policy The new business of the silver business reached 100 billion yuan. Chongqing has proposed to increase the loan of 100 million yuan for small and micro enterprises in three years.

Beijing also requested the establishment of a 7 billion yuan rediscount quota to support private and small and micro enterprises, and continue to use 30 billion yuan of standing loan convenience. Shanghai requires the establishment of a 10 billion yuan credit loan and secured loan. Hebei will arrange a special discount of 5 billion yuan, all of which will be used to support private enterprise bills and small and micro enterprise bills with a face value of 5 million yuan or less. Tianjin requires that no less than 10 billion yuan of refinancing and rediscounting funds be allocated. The special funds for local financial institutions will increase the credit for private enterprises and small and micro enterprises; the standing loan lending funds of not less than 10 billion yuan will support private enterprises. Corporate and financial institutions of small and micro enterprises provide liquidity support.

Promote private enterprises to land on the board, support direct financing and reward

The establishment of the science and technology board of the Shanghai Stock Exchange and the pilot registration system became one of the hot topics after the convening of the Expo in November last year. The implementation of this policy has also been incorporated into the measures to promote private economy development since November. According to the incomplete statistics of the news (www.thepaper.cn), at least 8 provinces such as Shandong, Shanxi, Anhui, etc., in the private economic policy, proposed to do a good job in the training service of the landing board, or to reward the listed companies in the science and technology sector. .

Shandong and Hunan are required to do a good job in the training services for small and medium-sized technology enterprises to land on Shanghai Science and Technology Board; Jilin and Tianjin require enterprises to be listed on the science and technology board; Shanxi enterprises on the science and technology board listed, the provincial finance will give 2 million yuan. In the case of Inner Mongolia, the subsidy support was given to the listed enterprises of Science and Technology Bank after the grant of 200,000 yuan; Anhui and Liaoning also mentioned the financial reward for the listed enterprises of Science and Technology.

In addition, Sichuan, Shanxi, Hebei, Fujian and other provinces support direct financing, promote the listing of private enterprises and award prizes. For example, Sichuan grants 1 million yuan to enterprises that are listed on the initial public offering of shares in major capital markets at home and abroad; the above-scale enterprises that are listed on the New Third Board and listed in the Tianfu (Sichuan) Joint Equity Exchange Center and complete the standardized company system reform Give a subsidy of 500,000 yuan.

Shanxi awarded 2 million yuan to the Shanghai, Shenzhen and Shenzhen mainland's main board, SME board, and GEM listed companies; 1 million yuan for the national stock transfer system listed enterprises; listed on the Shanxi Equity Exchange Center, the joint-stock system transformation and financing success The enterprise rewards 200,000 yuan.

Hebei rewards 3 million yuan for the Shanghai and Shenzhen stock exchanges and overseas motherboards, as well as the small and medium-sized board and the first public listed companies of the GEM; the one-off reward for the new three board listed companies is 500,000 yuan, and the maximum amount of financing for the first year of the listing is not exceeded. 1.5 million yuan in rewards.

Fujian has granted a subsidy of no more than 300,000 yuan to small and micro enterprises that are newly listed in the national SME share transfer system and the Straits Equity Exchange Center. Chongqing will promote more private enterprises to go public on the listing of domestic and foreign exchanges, give tax incentives of not more than 6 million yuan for the reform of key listed companies, and reward 2 million yuan for successful listings.

Talent competition continues to advance, aiming at high-level talents to play combination boxing

Following the launch of the “grabbing war” in the first half of 2018, the private economic policies introduced by the provinces in November 2018 once again introduced talents as a strategy to support private enterprises and urban economic development.

Talent needs include senior technical titles or doctoral and postdoctoral fellows, academicians of the "two houses", key technical fields and high-level leading talents in the industry. Among them, Hebei won the Nobel Prize, Fields Prize, Turing Award and other world-renowned award winners, academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Engineering and academicians of developed countries were included in the talent introduction plan.

In order to promote innovation and reduce innovation costs, provinces have enlarged their talents. The combination means of some provinces include preferential policies for talents to settle down, housing, medical treatment, children's enrollment, spouse employment, job title evaluation, and financial support. In the enterprise perspective, some provinces' private economic policies also provide tax incentives or awards. Make up.

As far as talents are concerned, in terms of financial support, Hebei has stipulated that the world-famous award winners such as the Nobel Prize, the Fields Prize, and the Turing Award for full-time employment in Hebei private enterprises, academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Engineering, and developed countries Academician, granting 10 million yuan of research funding subsidy and 2 million yuan of family allowance for each person; granting 2 million to 10 million yuan of research funding subsidy and 1 million yuan of home allowance for high-level leading talents who work full-time to private enterprises in Hebei For the long-term innovation projects and entrepreneurial projects, special experts will be given 1 million yuan each.

In terms of children's enrollment, it is clear in Guangdong that children of high-level talents from overseas households who apply for primary or junior high school are enrolled in public schools that are relatively close to their place of residence in accordance with the principle of “free admission to the nearest school”.

The talents of all levels introduced by private enterprises in Shanxi and Liaoning enjoy the same policies as the introduction of talents by state-owned enterprises and institutions; Fujian enjoys the same policy treatment as state-owned and foreign-funded enterprises in terms of talent introduction, assessment, and application for talent apartments and scientific research support. Ningxia will fully implement the policies of housing, medical treatment, schooling, and settlement of talents. Hunan will classify and classify talents as efficient and convenient services such as resettlement, renting and housing, social security, child enrollment, spouse employment, project incubation, financial support, and job title evaluation.

For companies in some provinces, the introduction of talent also means that they will enjoy tax incentives or fund awards. For example, Jiangsu proposes that enterprises that introduce high-level technical titles or high-level talents such as doctors and post-doctors to pay for one-off housing subsidies, housing expenses and research start-up funds can be deducted before tax according to regulations. The annual salary of Anhui's introduction of scientific and technological talents to enterprises is 50-1.5 million yuan. In accordance with the regulations, cities and counties (cities, districts) can reward employers in proportion to their annual salary of not less than 10% per year. The provincial finance undertakes 30% of the reward funds. .

Political and business contacts are included in the assessment of cadres, and political and business contacts follow a negative list.

In order to strengthen policy coordination and promote the implementation of various policies, some provinces have provided political and business contacts, including grassroots cadres, one-on-one tracking and coordination, cadres of party and government organs, private enterprises, and “service enterprise offices” in development zones. Some provinces have also proposed to establish a negative list of political and business contacts, and Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province has issued a “negative list” rules.

Under the cadres, the grassroots level starts with policy propaganda. For example, Shandong requires in-depth "one thousand cadres under the grassroots" activities to publicize the party's principles and policies; Zhejiang's "hundreds" policy requires the main leaders of the party and government at the city and county levels to discuss with the private enterprises. The Director of the 100-Office Department accurately services 100 leading enterprises and 100 directors to preach policies at the grassroots level.

In terms of the number of private enterprises, Shandong, Jilin, and Guangxi all require a leader to contact a number of companies, chambers of commerce, or projects. Shandong requires the Standing Committee of the Provincial Party Committee to take the lead in contacting private enterprises and chambers of commerce. Each provincial-level leader will contact at least one key project that meets the direction of new and old kinetic energy conversion and two private enterprises, and contact one Shandong Chamber of Commerce in Foreign Provinces and one Foreign Chamber of Commerce in Shandong Province. . According to the main indicators and outstanding contributions of the company's main business income, tax payment, employment, etc., Jilin will select a group of key private enterprises as contact points. Each provincial leader will contact a city (state) and private enterprises with more than 10 key counties. . Guangxi proposed to establish autonomous regional, municipal and county party committees, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, the members of the government, the CPPCC leadership team and the non-public ownership leading group to contact the service system of private enterprises and non-public economic representatives, and clarify that each leading cadre contacted the private service. There are more than 3 enterprises and more than 3 representatives of the non-public economy.

The project stewardship system in Liaoning and the chief service officer system of enterprises in Inner Mongolia and Guangdong all focus on “one-on-one” tracking and coordination to solve the difficulties in the development of enterprise projects. Liaoning requires that by the end of 2019, all project-level butlers of all enterprises above designated size will be realized. Inner Mongolia will select some key industrial parks and key enterprises to form “one-on-one” assistance and “peer-to-peer” services. Guangdong's corporate chief service officer system also requires "one-on-one" tracking and coordination to solve the difficulties in enterprise development.

Shanxi will also explore the cadres of party and government organs to work in private enterprises. In addition to the cadres at the grassroots level, into the private enterprises, and provinces such as Anhui proposed to set up a "service enterprise office" in the provincial development zone.

Shandong, Liaoning, and Hebei require a “negative list” of political and business contacts. In the first ten days of November, Guangzhou City of Guangdong Province issued the “Implementation Opinions on Deeply Renovating the Collusion between Government and Commerce to Build a New Relationship between Government and Commerce”, and proposed that party and government organs, state-owned enterprises and institutions, party members and cadres, and non-public enterprises In the communication of the person in charge, the enterprise and its responsible person shall not accept the expenses that should be borne by the unit or individual; they shall not raise, borrow or borrow from the enterprise and its responsible persons in the name of the person, spouse, children and their spouses and other specific related persons. Housing, borrowing cars, investing in wealth management.

Non-public enterprises and their responsible persons may not give party members and cadres, spouses, children and their spouses and other specific related persons "red envelopes" gifts or provide banquets, fitness, and tourism activities in dealings with party and government organs and party members and cadres of state-owned enterprises and institutions. Arrangements; no gambling or other forms of transfer of benefits to party members and spouses, children and their spouses and other specific relationships.

In addition, Liaoning, Hebei, Shandong, Sichuan, Anhui, Inner Mongolia, Jilin, Hunan and Fujian clearly proposed to incorporate the development of the private economy into the assessment of government officials.

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