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The fishery resources in the three major river basins are in a hurry. It is imperative to set up a closed fishing season.

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The fishery resources in the three major river basins are in a hurry. It is imperative to set up a closed fishing season. -The-fishery-resources-in-the-three-major-river-basins-are-in-a-hurry.-It-is-imperative-to-set-up-a-closed-fishing-season

The fishery resources in the three major river basins are in a hurry. It is imperative to set up a closed fishing season. -1548307262_10_The-fishery-resources-in-the-three-major-river-basins-are-in-a-hurry.-It-is-imperative-to-set-up-a-closed-fishing-season

Data map: The local engineering transportation in Dongying City, Shandong Province, and the offshore oilfield inspection vessels are ice-breaking and navigation, leaving obvious tracks on the sea surface. Text / Liang Ben Chen Jingxu Gao Yuan Figure / Chen Jingxu

Data map: The local engineering transportation in Dongying City, Shandong Province, and the offshore oilfield inspection vessels are ice-breaking and navigation, leaving obvious tracks on the sea surface. Text / Liang Ben Chen Jingxu Gao Yuan Figure / Chen Jingxu

Our reporter Ma Aiping

“The Haihe River Basin, the Liaohe River Basin and the Songhua River Basin are the three main river basins in North China and Northeast China. Historically, these three river basins are rich in fish resources and are important sources of quality protein for local people, but fish resources in recent years. A large and rapid decline, the population structure has changed, individuals are becoming smaller and younger, and some indigenous fish are now hard to see.” Recently, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs issued “About the implementation of Haihe, Liaohe, Songhuajiang and Qiantang Announcement of the four river basins forbidden fishing system (hereinafter referred to as the "Notice"), Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Rural Affairs Yu Kangzhen explained.

According to incomplete statistics, there are more than 100 species of fish in the three basins. With the economic and social development, the situation of aquatic life protection in the three river basins has become increasingly severe. Environmental pollution, overfishing, water shortage, and engineering construction have destroyed fish spawning grounds, feeding grounds, wintering fields and migratory passages.

"At present, there are 79 aquatic life reserves in the Three River Basin, including one national nature reserve and 78 national aquatic germplasm resources conservation areas. The three provinces (districts, municipalities) have carried out different levels of ban. Fishing work, but the fish-free system is still not perfect. The provinces (regions, cities) are not fighting fishery operations, and there is a lack of unified deployment, especially in some waters across provinces and counties. It is easy to become a blind spot for management." Yu Kangzhen Say.

The no-fishing period system is a protection period for the prohibition of fishing operations during the critical period of concentrated spawning and breeding of fish.

In 1995, China began to implement the marine off-season fishing system. In the annual rest season, except for fishing tackles in the Bohai Sea, Yellow Sea, East China Sea and South China Sea, all fishing operations have been closed. The five inland lakes, headed by Poyang Lake, have also implemented a closed fishing system. From 2002 to 2018, in the seven key river basins of China, the Yangtze River, the Pearl River, the Huaihe River and the Yellow River successively established a closed fishing system at the national level.

It is imperative to establish a closed fishing system in all key river basins in China as soon as possible.

The "Notice" issued this time has realized the full coverage of the closed fishing system of the seven key river basins in China and the full coverage of the closed fishing system of China's major rivers and lakes. At the same time, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, together with the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, jointly formulated the “Implementation Plan for the Prohibition of the Key Waters in the Yangtze River Basin and the Establishment of Compensation Systems”, clearly proposing the classification and phased advancement of the ban.

According to the "Notice", the fishing seasons of the Haihe River, Liaohe River and Songhua River are from May 16 to July 31.

Zhang Xianliang, director of the Fisheries and Fisheries Administration Bureau of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, explained that the ban on fishing is not only concerned by the fishermen, but also the fishery law enforcement department, and it also directly affects the ban on fishing. It is not necessary to start the fishing ban too early. It is difficult to effectively protect the critical period of broodstock spawning and juvenile fish growth when the start time is too late. The long ban fishing time will exert great pressure on the fishermen’s livelihood and fishery law enforcement. Short and no fishing effect. For this reason, scientific design of fishing time is very important.

"On the basis of extensive solicitation of opinions, the final arrangement not only meets the needs of fishery resource protection, but also meets the needs of production and law enforcement." Zhang Xianliang said.

(Technology Daily, Beijing, January 23rd)


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