Zhebo "Pharaoh's Kingdom – Ancient Egyptian Civilization Exhibition" was unveiled on the 22nd
The mummy is coming! They have to stay at the West Lake for nearly four months.
On January 22nd, the opening ceremony of the Zhejiang Provincial Museum “Pharaoh's Kingdom – Ancient Egyptian Civilization Exhibition” will be unveiled at the West Lake Art Museum. 180 artifacts from many Italian museums will be presented to the audience in Hangzhou. Of course, this includes the mysterious mummies.
On the morning of January 19th, Italian experts and curators took the lead in Zhebo, and the reporter was able to sneak a sneak peek.
The exhibition features five parts: "The Nile's Gifts", "The Legend of the Gods", "The Resurrection Code", "Living in the Nile River and the Oasis" and "The Legend of Immortality". It shows the dynasty of ancient Egypt, religious beliefs, hieroglyphics, social life. The funeral culture and other aspects, outline the life style on both sides of the Nile River thousands of years ago, and take us to explore the complex spiritual and religious world of the ancient Egyptians.
The most true concept of the Egyptians about life and death was uncovered.
The exhibition will be held until May 5.
These mummies have stories
The thirst for "eternal life" has penetrated almost every corner of ancient Egyptian society. The production of mummies is considered to be the last key point to eternal life. Ancient Egypt has a dedicated body antiseptic to carry out this process.
A mummy in the New Kingdom period, which took a 70-day cycle from its death to burial, became a norm later. During these 70 days, extremely complicated processes were carried out.
In this exhibition, many mummies were exhibited, and they were located in the fifth unit of the exhibition.
What is considered to be the most precious is the collection of mummy and its enamel in the National Archaeological Museum of Venice. The enamel is also known as the painted gold-plated mummified box. In the eyes of some experts, this is one of the most beautiful mummies in addition to the famous Egyptian Pharaoh Tutankhamen Mummy.
The texture of the color pot is wood, and the trees in the desert area are sparse and therefore of higher value. The gold-plated face of the face shows the status and financial resources of the owner.
So, who is the owner of the color pot?
According to the X-ray scan, it should be a male, and probably a soldier, judged by the shape and length of his toes. His body is wrapped in silk and is given a variety of colors, such as red, yellow and green, and even on the toenails.
A naked adult female mummies from the Rovigo Institute in Italy are also worth a visit. There is no such thing as a mummy with a nephew and a completely naked appearance. This is because there are very few ancient Egyptian craftsmen who can complete this production process. The female mummies clasped her arms around her chest and were judged to be about 25 years old when she was first judged to die.
There is also a rare young mummies, which are only about 50 cm in length. The body is wrapped in multi-layer linen and is obviously taken care of by the family. An expert from the Egyptian Department of Archaeology at the University of Venice said that she had only seen a similar young boy mummies in the tomb of Tutankhamen. The child died only about nine months old.
The body is properly placed, and the internal organs that have been removed need to be properly guarded. The Canopic cans in the exhibition are containers for the liver, lungs, stomach and intestines that are taken out separately.
Why are Egyptian artifacts from Italy?
Since it is an Egyptian artifact, why is it from Italy?
To talk about the Napoleonic expedition to Egypt in 1798. In the same year, with the goal of rebuilding the French Empire and reinventing Yingli, the young man opened the door to the Pharaoh's kingdom with guns. The "Pearl of the Pyramid" lasting two hours ended in the victory of the French army.
At that time, as the territory of France, Italy became the collection place for excavation of artifacts in Egypt during this period. In addition, the ancient Roman aristocracy was keen on collecting such cultural relics more than 2,000 years ago, so the Italian museum institutions are all over the world. Countries with the largest number of Egyptian exhibits outside Egypt have always had in-depth research on the culture of ancient Egypt.
So don't forget to pay attention to the last "big book" in the first part of the exhibition – "The Egyptian Account: The Collection of Observational Studies during the French Expedition in Egypt (1809-1829)":
Three years after the Battle of the Pyramids, the French defeated Egypt. The important thing about this action was that a team of 150 mathematicians, doctors, botanists, astronomers, engineers and artists went on an expedition and they recorded accurately. The ancient ruins of the area, studied the geography, plants, animals and minerals of Egypt, and recorded people's lives.
After returning to France in 1801, this group of scholars began a 20-year collation and research work, and finally completed the writing of the Egyptian Record: The Collection of Observational Studies during the French Expedition in Egypt (1809-1829). This collection of studies is divided into three parts: "Ancient" introduces the monuments and artifacts of the Pharaonic era of the Nile River Basin, "Modern" describes the Arab architecture of Egypt and the customs of local residents, "Natural History" refers to animals, plants and Mineralogy and other fields. The publication of the Egyptian Remarks reignited interest in ancient Egypt in the 19th century, sparking a reassessment of Egyptian culture by critics and art historians, paving the way for a “scientific” approach to Egypt.
Yesterday, experts and curators from Italy were surrounded by layers, sweating in the winter. There is also a member with a special status – he is the protection specialist in the transit of this cultural relic. Along the way, it is his responsibility to guard against the use of various measures to protect cultural relics. Taking mummies as an example, in addition to custom-made transportation "room" constant temperature and humidity protection artifacts, like a naked mummies also need a large number of brackets to support and fix their more vulnerable body parts.
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