At the press conference of the National Health and Health Commission held today, the national birth population concerned about everyone may be reduced by more than 2 million. The National Health and Health Commission spokesperson Song Shuli said that the National Health and Health Commission has been continuously monitoring the specific data. The department will announce it in the near future.
Song Shuli said that the factors affecting fertility problems are relatively large. The size of women of childbearing age, age of marriage, age of childbearing, and economic and social factors are more complicated. The National Health and Health Commission has been continuously monitoring, and the relevant data will be announced in the near future.
Tao Tao, an associate professor at the School of Social and Population Studies at the Renmin University of China and the China Survey and Data Center, said that the size of the birth population was affected by the size of women of childbearing age, and the size of women aged 15-49 in China was 2011. It reached its peak in the year and has been in a downward state since then, and the corresponding birth population has also entered the downward channel. Since 2000, the annual birth population has fluctuated between 15 million and 18 million. Recently, the factors of policy adjustment, as well as the influence of the choice of zodiac such as the Year of the Dragon and the Year of the Goat, have also increased. In addition to the impact of the size of women of childbearing age, there are also some factors, such as the age structure of women of childbearing age. It can be seen that the average age of women of childbearing age is increasing. According to 2015 data, more than half of all women of childbearing age This is also an influencing factor in the age of 40. Including the situation of marriage, the number of marriages nationwide in 2017 was about 10.63 million, down 7% year-on-year. Another factor is the delay in marriage and childbirth. In the past three years, the average age of first childbearing and the average age of two children have been pushed back one year. These will also have an impact on the size of the birth population and the level of birth. . Since 2000, the birth population has been fluctuating between 15 million and 18 million. It is possible that the birth population of 2018 will need to be seen for a longer period of time.
Tao Tao said that with the development of China's economy and society, China's fertility model and fertility status have indeed undergone some new changes, and it is necessary to further strengthen population monitoring. The advancement of urbanization, the popularization of higher education, and the delay in marriage and childbirth will have some impact on fertility levels. After 90, they became the main body of fertility. Their fertility concept and fertility will also have some new changes. Therefore, in the coming period, it is very important to further strengthen population monitoring and further master the population birth pattern and birth pattern.
Tao Tao said that in many investigations, people found that there are some concerns in the process of childbirth, and the supporting voices for economic and social policies are relatively high, mainly reflected in housing, employment, female labor protection, taxation, maternity leave, infant care, etc. In all aspects, there are some policy expectations. This is also a fertility-related policy. It is necessary to build a family-friendly and family-friendly policy support system to help more families solve some practical difficulties in the process of childbearing. Thank you.
Song Shuli added that in the past two years, we have seen that the birth rate of the two children has remained at around 50%. That is to say, the positive significance of the two-child policy has been continuously released. The National Health and Health Commission will also strengthen monitoring and research with relevant departments to implement the "promotion of fertility policy and related economic and social policies, and strengthen population development" as required by the report of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. (Northern Qing Daily reporter Zhang Xiaomei)
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