Recently, an article published in the 2022 05 issue of “China Youth Research” used the data obtained from the Chinese Urban Residents Lifestyle Survey (CLOURS) of East China Normal University, and took Shanghai, Hangzhou, Nanjing, and Hefei four Yangtze River Delta central cities as households. The research subjects carried out in-depth analysis, and discussed the different expectations of children’s career choices in different family backgrounds. The study found that: the higher the family wealth level, the more the tendency of “freedom of career choice” in the occupational orientation of the children; the higher the family education level, the more inclined to the professional and technical orientation in the occupational orientation of the children, showing the characteristics of “children inherit the father’s occupation”; The higher the family power status, the more inclined to social service orientation in children’s occupational orientation.
The authors of the article are Gao Hanxiang, associate professor of the Accounting School of Zhejiang University of Finance and Economics, Huang Jing, a master student of the Department of Education of East China Normal University, and Xu Xin, a professor of the Department of Economics and Management of East China Normal University. There are a total of 9,267 valid questionnaires.
The article mentioned that with the deepening of the research, scholars have found that the influence of family background is particularly significant in the selection of majors in applying for university entrance examinations, and it shows the characteristics of “rich in literature and poor in academics”. Among them, family background still has a significant influence.According to the article, from the statistical analysis results, the following main conclusions can be drawn:
1. The influence of family on children’s career orientation has already occurred before children become adults. According to the survey data, most families have very clear expectations on the career direction of their children.
2. The influence of family wealth on career orientation shows a very clear and consistent rule, that is, if the dedication orientation is used as a reference, the level of family wealth is positively correlated with power, expertise, and autonomy orientation, but if power, expertise, Taking autonomy orientation as a reference, the level of family wealth and dedication orientation are both negatively correlated. This result can be interpreted from two aspects. First, it shows that families with better economic foundation have wider choices in the career orientation of their children. Power status, professional skills or autonomy orientation are all positively related to the level of family wealth. It is manifested as a certain tendency of “free choice of occupation”. However, the higher the wealth level, the more negative correlation is shown with the orientation of contributing to the society, such as joining the army and contributing to the country. The consciousness of socialism and dedication to the society is relatively weak, especially in terms of children’s career choices, and they are not inclined to guide their children to engage in careers that focus on dedication.
3. The influence of family power status on career orientation shows diametrically opposite performance in terms of dedication orientation and wealth level. Taking money, expertise, and autonomy orientation as reference, both family power status and dedication orientation are positively correlated. At the same time, taking expertise and autonomy orientation as reference, both family power status and power orientation are positively correlated. This finding suggests that families with high positions of power tend to be more inclined to direct their children to work in social service, and are more altruistic and dedicated. From the perspective of the connotation of social power status, dedication and service are one of the contents of power operation and one of the important sources of power. Family power status is positively related to dedication orientation and power orientation, which is a part of self-reinforcing in career orientation. a legacy influence.
Another prominent phenomenon in the influence of family power status is that when taking dedication, power, and autonomy orientation as the reference, family power status and expertise orientation are both negatively correlated, while also taking dedication orientation as a reference, family wealth level is related to the same. Expertise orientation is positively correlated. This finding shows that family backgrounds with better power status resources do not encourage children to engage in specific professional and technical work. There is a certain opposition.
4. The influence of family education level on career orientation also shows a very consistent pattern, that is, when money, power, and autonomy orientation are used as reference, education level is positively correlated with specialized skill orientation, and when specialized skill orientation is used as reference , education level is negatively correlated with money, power, and self-directedness. This suggests that the more educated and educated the family, the more self-reinforcing it is, and the more inclined it is to guide children to work in professional and technical fields, rather than money, power, or autonomy. Therefore, in families with a high level of family education, it is more likely that the career guidance of the son’s father’s career will appear.
The article points out that, in general, the influence of family background factors on children’s career orientation occurs long before children actually choose a career, and is subtly imposed by parents infiltrating different orientations in family life and family education. . In the direction of orientation, there are both “children inheriting the father’s business” and “free choice of occupation”, which are related to different family background characteristics. The family’s power status and education level are more likely to lead to the guidance of “children inheriting the father’s business”, while the family wealth level factor is more inclined to the influence of free choice of occupation, which shows that the higher the level of family wealth, the occupational orientation of children. The more extensive the content. These findings will positively help us to understand the law of inheritance and selection of occupations, and to further guide vocational education at the social level.
The research of this paper also found some special phenomena. First, the level of family wealth is negatively correlated with dedication orientation, showing that self-interest tendencies are higher than altruism and dedication tendencies; second, family power status is negatively correlated with expertise orientation, indicating that power orientation There is a certain antagonistic relationship between management work and professional-oriented technical work, and the laws behind these special phenomena need further in-depth research.
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