"Children and children, don't worry, after the Laba is the year." Every time the twelfth lunar month, the farm work is already busy, and the Spring Festival is approaching. The custom of the Laba Festival brings a lot of festive colors. There are also a bowl of fragrant Laba porridge, which has a warm affection and a strong sense of the year.
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Warmth and warmth
Sun Qian (a pseudonym) is a Beijinger. She remembers that she pays special attention to Laba Festival from a small family, and she must drink Laba porridge during the festival. It is often a few days away from Laba Festival, and parents have begun to pay attention to the purchase of various raw materials.
Rice, millet, walnuts… Parents are happy to buy things back, prepare containers, and wash all kinds of ingredients. Sun Qian has a number of times, mixed with grains and dried fruits, and there are more than ten species.
The practice of Laba porridge is not cumbersome, but it requires some patience. Jujube to the core, and then peel off the peanuts for spare, especially the night before the rice and the various beans should be soaked in advance, so that the next day, the Laba porridge will have a different flavor.
When cooking porridge, the heat is the most important. Sun Qian said that he used his own pressure cooker to make Laba porridge. But if you pay attention to it, you will cook it in a wok. It will take a lot of time. If you want to thicken and drink the porridge, you have to cook it for three or four hours. You have to stir it from time to time.
The great writer Shen Congwen has the following description in the article "Laba Porridge": "Put Xiaomi, Rice Beans, Jujube, Chestnut, White Sugar, and Peanuts into a pot and let it sigh like a boil in the pot. Just look at it and sigh it, smell the smell, it's enough to swallow more than three saliva…"
"Laba porridge is really delicious." As soon as he arrived at Laba Festival, Sun Qian was particularly looking forward to drinking bowl porridge with his parents. "Open the door and smell its aroma, always feel warm in your heart."
What was the original appearance of the Laba Festival?
In fact, if it goes back to the source, Laba Festival is not what it is now.
People used to call the Laba Festival "La Ba", which refers to the eighth day of the Lunar New Year (December). It was originally used to sacrifice ancestors and gods, and pray for a harvest and auspicious festival.
Its predecessor was the ancient "Lazen". The end of the year is called "La". In the ancient times, Lashi is the most important year-end festival day. It is usually held in the days of the end of the year. People will use sacrifices to sacrifice the gods and ancestors of heaven and nature. At that time, the meaning of the Lashi was equivalent to the later Spring Festival.
"Said the text" explains: "Three days after the winter solstice, the gods of the wax festival." It is said that the third day after the winter solstice was the Lashi. From the pre-Qin period, the Laba Festival will be plagued by the epidemic. Xiao Fang, an expert in folklore, said that the custom of blasting the drums in the twelfth lunar month is still in existence in areas such as Hunan Xinhua.
At first, the time in Lashi was not fixed. Until the Northern and Southern Dynasties, Zongtang mentioned in the "Jing Chu Sui Ji Ji": "December 8 is the Lashi." It can be seen that Laba has become an important festival in the twelfth lunar month.
After the Sui and Tang Dynasties, the Sacred God sacrifices and drove the separation from the Lashi, and moved to the end of the year. At this time, the Laba Festival has a new festival, that is, drinking Laba porridge.
A bowl of porridge
There are many sayings about the origin of Laba porridge, such as commemorating the Buddha's enlightenment, and cherishing the loyalty of Yue Chen. A folk legend about the origin of Laba porridge reflects the diligence and virtue of the people. According to legend, in the early years, the old couple were very hardworking and the days were very rich, but after their death, the two sons were very lazy and gradually became poor.
When the year arrived at the eighth day of the twelfth lunar month, the two brothers had no food to eat. They had to find a broom, and went to the big cockroaches and small cockroaches that had put the grain, and swept out a little whole grains, plus a few dried red dates, and cooked one. Porridge.
The two brothers repented, and they became diligent in the second year. They passed a good life in a few years. In order to keep in mind the lazy lessons, every time after the eighth day of the lunar month, people eat this kind of miscellaneous porridge, also known as "Laba porridge."
In fact, in ancient China, there was a custom of winter solstice to worship the gods of red bean porridge. After the winter solstice, Laba slowly moved the "winter porridge" to "laba porridge."
Xiao Fang explained that the era of Laba porridge as the earliest appearance of seasonal food is more difficult to verify. However, the Song Dynasty "Tokyo Dreams Record" has been recorded, saying that the Kaifeng Palace in the Northern Song Dynasty was on the eighth day of December, "Zhu Da Temple was used as a bathing Buddha, and sent Qibao Wuwei porridge and disciples, which is called 'Laba porridge'…"
"Wulin Old Things" records the recipe of Hangzhou Laba porridge in the Song Dynasty: using the walnut, pine nuts, milk thistle, persimmon, chestnut, etc. to cook Laba porridge.
In general, the raw materials of Laba porridge are rice and fruit, and the more fruits that are incorporated, the better. According to the Discretionary Zhongzhi, the method of cooking the Laba porridge in the Ming Dynasty Palace is as follows: In the days before Laba, the red dates are broken into the soup, and in the morning of Laba, glutinous rice, ginkgo, walnuts, chestnuts, and glutinous rice porridge are added.
In different periods, Laba porridge has different practices, and the food and fruit are different. In the Qing Dynasty, almost every household in Beijing had to cook Laba porridge on the Laba Festival.
When the taste of the year is getting stronger, the good meaning and warmth
As the saying goes, "the letter of the Laba porridge", this "letter" is the news that the Spring Festival is coming, so it is not difficult to understand why everyone feels that the Laba porridge is infiltrated with a strong sense of the year.
Whether it is yellow rice, Jiangmi, red beans, jujube, or hazelnuts, peanuts, the food of Laba porridge contains the corresponding folklore. Put a little longan, symbolizing reunion; put a lily, representing Pepsi and 睦; lotus seeds symbolize love and heart, orange, chestnut symbolizes good luck.
Because of the beautiful meaning, in accordance with folk customs, some places have cooked Laba porridge, the first bowl must first sacrifice the ancestors to show gratitude; more places, in addition to their own drink, but also to give the delicious Laba porridge to the neighborhood Four neighbors.
If there is a small courtyard in the house, there are a few peach trees and jujube trees in the yard. Then you should paint the Laba porridge on the tree. I hope that the next year will be flourishing and fruitful.
The Laba Festival was originally a prelude to the New Year. Sun Qian also feels that people have been to Laba Festival and love to drink Laba porridge, probably because the New Year is approaching, and people have new expectations.
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