BEIJING, January 21st, the key waters of the Yangtze River Basin are banned, how can the legitimate rights and interests of the fishermen be guaranteed? On this issue, Yu Kangzhen, deputy minister of agriculture and rural areas, said on the 21st that the overall goal is to actively and steadily guide the return of fishermen to employment and entrepreneurship, effectively protect the basic livelihood of fishermen who are in difficulty in employment, and ensure that the fishermen returning to the fishermen Can live, can be well off.
Data map: Fishermen are fishing. Zhuo Zhongwei
On the 21st, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs held a press conference to introduce the inland fishing system and the ban on catching key waters in the Yangtze River Basin.
A reporter asked: The plan to ban fishing in the key waters of the Yangtze River Basin has been released recently. This is a necessary institutional measure to conserve the biological resources of the Yangtze River. At the same time, it is also a policy arrangement involving the vital interests of hundreds of thousands of fishermen along the Yangtze River. What considerations and arrangements are in place for the protection of the legitimate rights and interests of fishermen in the policy of banned in the Yangtze River?
Yu Kangzhen said that the Yangtze River's fishery resources were extremely rich. In the 1950s, the annual catch of the Yangtze River fishery was 450,000 tons, accounting for 60% of the country's total freshwater catch. In recent years, affected by high-intensity human activities such as water conservancy and hydropower, waterway transportation, sand mining and quarrying, overfishing, water pollution, etc., the aquatic environment of the Yangtze River has continued to deteriorate, the biodiversity index has continued to decline, and the resources of rare and endemic species are comprehensive. In the recession, the amount of economic fish resources can be said to be nearly exhausted, and the Yangtze River Biological Integrity Index has fallen to the worst level of no fish. At present, large-scale proliferation and release are carried out every year along the Yangtze River to supplement the number of seedlings. Under this circumstance, the annual catch of the Yangtze River is still less than 100,000 tons. Some fishermen began to fish for their livelihood, further destroying the fishery resources and ecological environment of the Yangtze River. This is a vicious circle. In the end, the tragedy of the commons and the ecological exploitation of resources have become more and more serious, and the vicious circle of fishermen has become more and more poor.
Yu Kangzhen said that the implementation of the ban on key waters in the Yangtze River Basin is to fundamentally stop fishing and utilization for a period of time, alleviate the crisis of the decline of biological resources in the Yangtze River and the decline of biodiversity, and develop and utilize the Yangtze River fishery resources for scientific and rational development in the future. Lay the foundation and finally realize the harmony and unification of the protection of the Yangtze River ecological environment and the development of fishery production functions.
Yu Kangzhen revealed that in order to further protect the legitimate rights and interests of the fishermen, the ban program clearly requires adhering to the people-oriented principle and safeguarding the interests of the fishermen as a basic principle, scientifically and rationally dividing the central and local affairs, and requiring the provincial people's governments to undertake the ban. The main responsibility is to coordinate the strengths of all parties, improve the working mechanism, link relevant policies, integrate relevant funds, and coordinate the promotion of the ban.
Yu Kangzhen said that the withdrawal of fishermen's temporary living allowances, social security, vocational skills training and other related work is mainly solved by local governments in combination with existing policy funding channels. In accordance with the concept of comprehensive coverage, outstanding focus, performance orientation, and classified policy, various measures such as financial assistance, employment services, skills training, entrepreneurial support, and social security are adopted. The central government adopts a combination of one-off subsidies and transitional subsidies to provide appropriate support for the ban on arrests. On this basis, the human resources and social security departments at all levels will take the lead in systematically arresting fishermen for employment and social security. Implementation of various policies in the field.
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