“Double-class” universities have announced the first “employment transcripts”
Where are the famous graduates?
Where did the famous graduates go?
Recently, 42 universities in the construction of top universities have successively published employment quality reports for 2018 graduates, with less than 10 remaining unpublished. Since the second half of last year, topics such as "finding jobs after 95, not paying wages" and "seconds after 95" have frequently been on the hot search. "The most difficult graduation season in history" has also become the focus of social attention. Since the announcement of the list of “double-class” colleges and universities in September 2017, the employment quality report of 2018 graduates just published in many colleges and universities can be described as the first employment transcripts of colleges and universities since the implementation of “double-class” construction. Under all kinds of pressure, this "transcript" has been particularly eye-catching.
According to the data analysis of the employment quality report of more than 30 colleges and universities published by China Youth Daily, the number of graduates who have been employed in the grassroots and western regions has increased year by year; private enterprises have surpassed state-owned enterprises to become new high places for employment, and many college graduates The average annual salary is more than 100,000 yuan; the employer is over 90% satisfied with the students trained in the school, and most of the graduates are also satisfied with their employment.
As of press time, the China Youth Daily, Zhongqing Online reporters have collected statistics on the employment of 34 top universities. Beijing Normal University, University of Science and Technology of China, Ocean University of China, Zhongshan University, Northwestern Polytechnical University, National University of Defense Technology, Zhengzhou University, and Xinjiang University have not been announced yet.
Employment outside Beijing has become a major trend, and the number of people at the grassroots level has increased.
All along, "Northern Shanghai" is the "white moonlight" in the hearts of college graduates. Even if there is no hukou, going to the first-tier cities is a consensus of many college students. However, after reviewing the report, the reporter found that the employment rate of top-ranking college graduates outside Beijing was generally over 50%.
Among the eight top universities in Beijing, a total of six announced the employment rate outside Beijing. It is worth noting that the employment rate outside Beijing, including top schools such as Peking University and Tsinghua University, is approaching or even exceeding 50%. Among them, Peking University is 60.53%, Tsinghua University is 59.8%, Renmin University of China is 54.09%, China Agricultural University is 54.68%, and Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics is the lowest, 48.02%.
As college students stay in Beijing more and more difficult, the employment rate of many universities in Beijing has been declining year after year. As of 2017, the employment rate outside Tsinghua University has increased year by year and exceeded 50% for six consecutive years. The employment rate of 2018 undergraduate students in Beijing Institute of Technology in Beijing was 47.55%, down 5.55% from last year; the proportion of graduate students in Beijing was 58.87%, down 1.36% from last year.
The employment rate outside Beijing is generally more than 90%. Among them, the employment rate outside Beijing is slightly lower than 90%, for example, 89.91% for Shandong University, 82.4% for Northeastern University, 86.09% for Dalian University of Technology, and 83.76% for Harbin Institute of Technology.
In addition, nearly 20 published data on colleges and universities outside Beijing exceeded 90%, such as Zhejiang University, 95.58%, Nanjing University, 94.99%, Wuhan University, 94.16%, and Xiamen University, 96.1%. The employment rate outside the university in South China is nearly 100%. The employment rate of undergraduates in South China University of Technology is 98.42%, and that of Southeast University is 98.46%.
With the development of economy and society, the policy dividends and development space advantages of college students' grassroots employment are obvious. The employment at the grassroots level is becoming the choice of more and more famous graduates. According to statistics, a total of 562 students from Peking University are employed at the grassroots level and in the west. Tsinghua University has a total of 288 graduates who are employed in the grassroots public sector.
For prestigious schools with a geographical proximity to the west, the employment rate of graduates in the west is even more impressive. The employment rate of graduates of Xi'an Jiaotong University in the west is 46.14%. The employment rate of Lanzhou University in the west is as high as 53.22%. The number of grassroots employment in Sichuan University in the hinterland of the motherland has reached 2,241, and the employment rate in the west is as high as 60.57%.
In fact, a 2018 survey of college students also confirmed this trend. According to a survey conducted by the China Youth Daily's Joint Questionnaire Network on 1976 undergraduate and graduated college students, 82.3% of the respondents considered primary employment, and 75.9% of the respondents thought that the employment at the grassroots level had a great impact on their own development.
Gao Shangshang, a 2018 undergraduate student at the School of Nursing, Peking University School of Medicine, has become an elective student and now lives and works in Tibet. He said that the reason for this choice has been considered in many ways. “This is a very good opportunity. The student work, social practice and volunteer activities in the university for 4 years have actually strengthened my choice on a certain level. After deepening the grassroots through social practice, I realized that the medical and educational aspects of the grassroots level. I need to improve too much. I started to understand the selection and reinstatement policies of various provinces and cities from my sophomore year, and I decided to go to the grassroots level in Tibet three years later."
Undergraduate students are more advanced, and private enterprises have become new high places for employment.
In this year, many top-ranking colleges and universities have handed out a brilliant transcript to the society. From the perspective of employment, the mainstream of undergraduates is to continue their studies, and graduate students and doctoral students generally have a good starting point for career development. . In the choice of recruiting units, private enterprises have gradually become the new highland of employment for graduates of famous schools.
From the report, most of the top undergraduate graduates choose to study. Among the 31 universities with specific data published, the higher proportion of colleges and universities are: the undergraduate rate of Tsinghua University is 78.3%, the undergraduate degree of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics is 74.86%, and the undergraduate degree of Fudan University is 69.22%. The enrollment rate of the University of Science and Technology is 66.94%, and the undergraduate degree of China Agricultural University is 57.78%.
At the graduation ceremony of Tsinghua University's 2018 undergraduate students six months ago, the school announced that the employment rate of undergraduate graduates in that year was 95.1%. The number of graduates signing private enterprises exceeded the state-owned enterprises for the first time, which caused a lot of media attention. Do you want to go to the "iron rice bowl in the system"? These post-90s and post-95 graduates told the society that the answer is not necessarily the answer.
China Youth Daily’s Zhongqing online reporter found that in these published reports, a total of 19 colleges and universities respectively counted the employment rate of graduates’ state-owned enterprises and the employment rate of private enterprises. Among them, only the state-owned enterprises of Renmin University of China and Tianjin University were employed. The rate exceeds the employment rate of private enterprises. The employment rate of state-owned enterprises of Renmin University of China is 27.67%, the employment rate of private enterprises is 21.57%, the employment rate of state-owned enterprises of Tianjin University is 31.34%, and the employment rate of private enterprises is 29.18%. The employment rate of private enterprises in other universities is higher than that of state-owned enterprises. The employment rate is high.
Among these colleges and universities, the employment rate of private enterprises in some universities is even twice that of state-owned enterprises. For example, the employment rate of state-owned enterprises in Yunnan University is 22.79%, while the employment rate of private enterprises is 46.48%; the employment rate of state-owned enterprises of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics is 22.33%, the employment rate of private enterprises is 39.52%; the employment rate of state-owned enterprises of Shandong University is 23.45%, state-owned enterprises The employment rate is 39.14%.
In the middle, large private enterprises such as Huawei, Jingdong, Tencent, and Alibaba have become the most popular work choices for graduates. For example, the 2018 graduates of Southeast University are the largest in the world's top 500 companies. Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. employs 263 people. The number of graduates of Wuhan University's 2018 graduates is also the highest in Huawei, with 211 employees.
Wang Dongyang, who graduated from Xiamen University, said in an interview with China Youth Daily, a reporter from China Youth Daily. "Compared with state-owned enterprises, I prefer to go to private enterprises for employment. After graduation, I worked as an editor at Netease, coordinates Hangzhou. Although my Professional is an international political major, but I don’t think it can be limited to this after graduation. Young people need to face the world with a more open vision, and I am interested in the electronics industry, so I chose Netease as the first step to step out of school. ""
The annual salary exceeds 100,000 yuan, and the employer's satisfaction is over 90%.
Among the many data, “salary level” can be said to be the most concerned point for college students and parents.
Not long ago, a comprehensive report on the 16th China's Best Employers Survey of Chinese University Students showed that the average expected salary of domestic college students was 8,431 yuan/month, which is an annual salary of 100,092 yuan. Among them, the top three expected salary of college students are Beijing, Shanghai, and Nanjing. The average expected salary is 12,992 yuan/month, 12,070 yuan/month, and 9771 yuan/month. It can be seen that the annual salary of 100,000 yuan has become the realistic expectation of the majority of college students.
According to the report, the China Youth Daily’s Zhongqing Online reporter found that the annual salary of many famous graduates exceeded 100,000 yuan.
Among them, the average annual salary of 2721 graduates of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics is 153,100 yuan; more than 20% of undergraduates of Beijing Institute of Technology have an annual salary of more than 150,000 yuan, and nearly 50% of graduates have annual salary of more than 150,000 yuan. More than 70% of doctoral students earn more than 150,000 yuan; the average annual salary of 2018 undergraduates of the University of Electronic Science and Technology of China is 106,000 yuan, of which the annual salary is 80,000 yuan and above is 67.63%. The average monthly salary of undergraduates of Shanghai Jiaotong University is 10358.5 yuan, and the average monthly salary of graduate students is 11580 yuan.
For this group of newly graduated college students, is the employer satisfied? The China Youth Daily, the China Youth Online Journalist, counted 26 leading universities with publicly relevant data and found that the satisfaction of employers of all college graduates exceeded 90%. For example, the satisfaction rate of employers in Xi'an Jiaotong University is 100%, and the universities with higher satisfaction are 99.23% of Shandong University, 99.08% of Central South University, and 98.87% of Nankai University.
Are the graduates satisfied with their "out of the way"? The reporter found that among the 29 top-ranking colleges that published relevant data, the proportion of graduates who are satisfied with their employment situation ranges from 70% to 90%. Among them, there are 5 colleges with less than 80% job satisfaction, and 8 colleges and universities with satisfaction ranging from 80% to 90%. Among them, the school with the highest “employability satisfaction” is Renmin University of China, which is 98.74%.
In this employment season, the school has become a "God's assist" for college students to find a job, and many students can find satisfactory jobs through the school. For example, 53.34% of the graduates of Tianjin University found their favorite work through various channels in the school; 36.75% of the students of Peking University found their jobs through the campus channel; 32.33% of the students of Zhejiang University found jobs through the recruitment information published by the school, 14.48% of the students Find jobs through job fairs organized by the school.
Not long ago, "95 after the job search does not ask for wages" "95 after the second resignation" and other topics on the hot search, compared with the post-80s and 90s, the post-95 employment concept is more open and diverse, the consideration of employment destinations, More assertive.
Kang Chenyang, who graduated from Hunan University, is currently working in a state-owned enterprise in Tianjin. She said that she did not choose to work in Beijing, mainly considering the realistic factors such as the high housing prices in Beijing. She is very satisfied with the current work.
When talking about the process of finding a job, Kang Chenyang believes that the school has given him a lot of help. “There was some anxiety when I was looking for a job, but the teacher asked the seniors to share the experience and document it with us. After that, I found that the school has a website dedicated to pushing employment information. The work is very rich and the information is very comprehensive, and the counselor I also sent a variety of recruitment information in the grade group, and my job was found with the help of the school teacher."
Many college students believe that the "halo" of elite graduates may be a stepping stone in job hunting, but after work is still a contest of ability. Wang Dongyang believes that regardless of whether it is a business or a public institution, everyone pays more attention to the work literacy and psychological quality of graduates. In the interviews of various units, he found that the examinations mainly focused on the vocational skills and psychological resistance of graduates. Whether it is a business or a business unit, the examiner usually likes to use stress testing to consider graduates.
In this regard, Zhang Lixin, director of the Peking University Student Employment Guidance Service Center, suggested that college students should rationally choose their career direction. “The first is to broaden our horizons and pay more attention to opportunities outside Beijing and traditional hot industries, especially in combination with national strategic development key areas, to seek leverage and support in the development of the times; second, rational choice, starting from their own interests and capabilities. Positioning and selection to enhance the sustainability and stability of long-term career development."
China Youth Daily, China Youth Online Reporter Ye Yuting Intern 耿孟泳贞 Source: China Youth Daily
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