From January to March this year, among the 20 cities with the national air quality status notified by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, Xianyang, Weinan and Xi’an were among them. In the 20 cities ranked after the relatively poor air quality in 2018, Xianyang and Weinan are also on the list.
The Central Second Ecological Environmental Protection Inspector Group today (13th) pointed out to Shaanxi Province’s “review” and special inspections that the special inspectors found that Shaanxi Province has done a lot of work in the field of air pollution prevention and control, and the quality of the atmospheric environment has been improved. Improvement, but the problem of structural pollution is still outstanding, and the situation is still grim.
In the new round of national air pollution prevention and control action plan, the Yan Plain was identified as a key area alongside the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region and the surrounding areas and the Yangtze River Delta region, involving Luliang, Jinzhong, Linyi and Yuncheng in Shanxi Province and Luoyang in Henan Province. There are 11 cities including Sanmenxia City, Xi’an, Xianyang, Baoji, Tongchuan, Weinan and Yangling Demonstration Zones in Shaanxi Province.
The Shaanxi Provincial Government issued the “Three-Year Action Plan for the Battle of the Iron and Steel in Shaanxi Province to Win the Blue Sky Defence War (2018~2020)”, saying that the proportion of Shaanxi’s secondary industry in the total economic output is 49.8%, which is higher than the national average of 9.3. percentage point. Coal accounts for 8.2 percentage points of primary energy. The emission intensity of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides in Guanzhong area is 3.9 times and 3.6 times of the national average.
The overall industrial structure and energy structure are not good, resulting in obvious characteristics of composite air pollution. PM10, PM2.5 and ozone have become the main factors affecting the air quality in Shaanxi Province. In 2017, Shaanxi’s coal accounted for about 75% of the primary energy consumption structure, and did not meet the target of reducing to below 67%.
In addition, is Shaanxi Province really active and effective in the prevention and control of air pollution? At the feedback meeting held today, Zhu Zhixin, the head of the inspection team, said that Shaanxi Province’s “reduction of coal is not strict, clean coal is not well protected, and some industries are seriously polluted.” “Don’t dare to touch hard in rectification” Rectification and surface rectification are more common.”
The inspector group pointed out these problems in Shaanxi Province:
In the rectification, I dare not touch the hard, and I dare not manage and do not want to control large enterprises. The first round of inspectors transferred the pollution problem of Shaanxi Huangling Coal Chemical Company five times, but it was not rectified. In the law enforcement inspection of the National People’s Congress in 2018, it was discovered that Yanchang Xinghua Chemical Company sneaked exhaust gas and Jinduicheng Molybdenum Co., Ltd. had long-term excessive discharge of sulfur dioxide. The “Looking Back” also found that Hancheng Longmen Coal Chemical Company and other four companies Similar to corporate environmental violations.
The problem of coal reduction in Shaanxi Province has not been effectively rectified. The coal reduction work of the Provincial Development and Reform Commission mainly relies on aggregated data. In particular, the requirements for coal reduction by power companies are soft and soft, and the work of “fixing electricity by heat” and optimizing power dispatching during heating season is not effective. In 2017, the coal reduction mission of enterprises above designated size only achieved 66.78% of the target.
Xi’an City will sign the “coal to electricity, coal to gas” transformation agreement as a task to complete the transformation, reported to reduce the distortion of loose coal data. Xixian New District, Liquan County, Xianyang City, Weinan City, Han City and other places falsely reported, falsely reported that “coal to electricity, coal to gas” to complete the task, part of the loose coal reduction “nothing.”
Shaanxi Meixin Industrial Investment Co., Ltd. did not strictly implement the capacity substitution requirements in accordance with the rectification plan, and increased the production capacity without authorization. The annual production capacity of 300,000 tons of electrolytic aluminum without the formalities of compliance was expanded to 450,000 tons. Weinan City and Heyang County condone the construction of the Virgin Lake in violation of laws and regulations, destroying nearly 3,000 mu of wetlands. After the State “Green Shield Action” pointed out the problem, the local area used “natural recovery” as an excuse, and the related restoration and repair work was stagnant.
In addition, the inspector found that Xianyang City recognized that the amount of coal used by Datang Binchang Power Plant in 2017 increased by 410,000 tons compared with the previous year, but the actual increase was 600,000 tons. Weinan City confirmed that Shaanxi Jiaojia Chemical Company reduced coal by 19,000 tons in 2017, but the actual increase was 300,000 tons.
The Tongchuan Municipal Development and Reform Commission approved four companies, including Shengwei Building Materials and Shengwei Special Cement, to cut 170,000 tons of coal in 2017, but it did not actually increase 180,000 tons. Xianyang Chemical Industry Co., Ltd. did not decrease its coal consumption from January to September in 2018, and asked the government to coordinate coal reduction targets in the name of heating and protecting people’s livelihood, resulting in adverse social impacts.
Zhu Zhixin said that there are more than 130 small thermal power units of less than 100,000 kilowatts in Shaanxi Province, which have high coal consumption and high pollution. However, the attitude of shutting down small thermal power units is not determined, and the promotion is weak. From 2015 to 2017, only 7 small units will be phased out. The unit, most of the high coal consumption units are reserved in the name of heat supply or comprehensive utilization, and the existing small units for heating generally fail to implement “heat setting” according to requirements.
The inspector found that the small boiler demolition work in the Guanzhong area of Shaanxi was slow to advance. At present, there are still 607 coal-fired boilers of 10 steam/ton or less that have not been removed, and 26 coal-fired boilers of 20 steam/ton or more have not yet completed ultra-low emission conversion. 414 sets of production and operation type gas boilers have not completed low-nitrogen combustion reform. Yulin City violated the air pollution prevention and control action plan. Since 2014, it has built 121 coal-fired boilers with a capacity of less than 10 tons.
The inspector also found that the pollution control and supervision of the coking enterprises in the Han city were not in place, and the corporate environment was illegal. Longmen Coal Chemical Company has long used the bypass flue to discharge coke oven flue gas; Heli Coal Coke Company falsified during the inspection, and lied to complete the work of CDQ reform; Shaanxi Zhonghui Coal Chemical Company VOCs governance actually changed from dispersed emissions to Concentrated emissions. The supervision of the environmental protection departments of Weinan City was weak, and the process waste gas treatment facilities of the Suihua Group were not operating normally for a long time. Shaanxi Province pays insufficient attention to the pollution control of the ceramic industry in Guanzhong area, and the requirements are not strict. The existing ceramic enterprises have low pollution control level and unorganized emissions.
In addition, thedistribution of clean coal distribution centers in Baoji and Xianyang is relatively low, which is quite different from the demand; the Qinhan New Town Clean Coal Distribution Center in Xixian New District stores more than 4,000 tons of industrial coal, and there is direct sales behavior. The quality of clean coal is difficult to guarantee. The coal quality supervision work in some areas was not in place. The Hancheng Municipal Market Supervision Bureau did not conduct coal quality monitoring for large coal users and key coal units during the heating season. The Yulin City Quality Supervision Bureau never arranged for the deployment of loose coal quality inspection.
At the feedback meeting, Zhu Zhixin said that Shaanxi Province should focus on promoting the prevention and control of air pollution in the plain, and focus on accelerating the adjustment of industrial energy structure, making overall plans and comprehensive measures to promote the province to win the blue sky defense and achieve high quality development. . According to the law, serious responsibility is pursued, and the problem of dereliction of duty is instructed to further investigate the situation, clarify responsibilities, and be responsible for seriousness, accuracy and effectiveness in accordance with relevant regulations.
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