Gubei Water Town, located at the foot of Simatai Great Wall, has developed into a northern resort town.
What kind of village is Beijing going to build? How to build a village? Yesterday morning, the "Beijing Rural Revitalization Strategic Plan (2018-2022)" was officially released, and these questions have a clear answer. In the future, we will grasp the market conditions and the law of rural development in the capital “big cities and small agriculture” and “big Beijing suburbs”. Beijing's cities and villages will be planned as an organic whole, with a focus on promoting talents, land, industry, governance, Reform and innovation in planning and implementation.
Rural planning first, no big demolition
The "Beijing Rural Revitalization Strategic Plan (2018-2022)" (hereinafter referred to as "Planning") has a total of ten chapters, which are the planning background, overall requirements, the construction of a new rural revitalization pattern, the construction of beautiful and livable villages, and the promotion of high rural industries. Quality development, improvement of rural people's livelihood security, prosperity and development of rural culture, improvement of rural governance system, improvement of urban and rural integration development policy system, planning and implementation. The Plan also set up 10 columns, including one indicator system, two projects, three plans, four actions, and deployed 42 key tasks. Among them, the indicator system highlights the focus on the rural ecological environment, the quality and safety of agricultural products, the increase in farmers' income, the inheritance of rural culture and the sense of the people.
According to the "Planning", the future development of Beijing's rural areas will be based on the "three types of areas" of urban construction areas, ecological protection red line areas, rural landscape areas, and rectification and improvement, urban construction, special promotion, and overall relocation. The village is classified and guided. "The rural planning is the first, this is a very clear request." According to the relevant person in charge of the Municipal Development and Reform Commission, the village planning will be prepared according to local conditions, and no large-scale demolition and construction will be carried out, reflecting the flavor of Jingyun, highlighting differences and avoiding urbanization. "The main body of planning is also very clear. The secretary of the village party organization should plan together with the villagers, and then let the planners describe the blueprint for development from a professional perspective."
According to reports, at present, 71 municipal-level pilot villages have all completed planning and preparation, and 993 villages have completed the first draft of the plan. The "Planning" also requires that rural construction will strengthen planning control, village planning should clearly define the four areas of contracted land, collective industrial land, and homestead, determine the location of various public facilities in the village, improve the housing construction guidelines and village style Supporting policies such as guidelines, focusing on cultural protection and inheritance.
Exploring the establishment of a unified collective contracted land transfer platform
"Use three plots to actively explore the effective way of dividing the three powers in the contracted land." How to use the rural land? There are also answers in this Plan. According to the relevant person in charge of the Municipal Agricultural and Rural Bureau, the city has basically completed the registration of the right to confirm the power, the area of the contracted land is 2,773,500 mu. In the future, we will actively explore the effective realization forms of the three-rights separation of ownership, qualification and use rights of rural contracted land, support the rural contracted land management right to finance guarantees to financial institutions, and engage in agricultural industrialization operations. We will implement the policy of extending the contract for 30 years after the expiration of the second round of land contracting, so that farmers can eat long-term 'reassuring pills'.
According to reports, the current land has accounted for 68% of the total area of the right. The relevant person in charge of the Municipal Development and Reform Commission said that in the future, it will also innovate the transfer mode of land management rights, explore the establishment of a unified collective contracted land transfer platform, standardize the transfer behavior, and use the land resources in an orderly manner.
In terms of collectively-operated construction land, the city is now steadily promoting the land acquisition and rural collective management construction land use reform and land-based housing reform in Daxing District. “This pilot experience will be summarized to narrow the scope of land acquisition and direct use for collectively-operated construction. Enter the market to leave enough space." The relevant person in charge of the Municipal Agricultural and Rural Bureau said.
In terms of homesteads, the "Planning" also clarifies that the collective ownership of homesteads, the right to subsidize farmland farmers and the property rights of farmers' houses will be implemented, the right to use homesteads and farmers’ houses will be properly released, and rural idle homesteads and idle farmhouses will be explored. A paid exit mechanism within a collective economic organization. According to reports, the city has introduced policies to guide the peasants' idle housing revitalization and utilization policies, encourage the use of idle housing to develop healthy tertiary care, holiday and leisure industries, and form Yanqing Yuanxiangli, Huairoutian Xianyu, Miyun Ganyugou and so on. Batch typical experience. The "Planning" also clarifies that "the agriculture-related areas will prepare township and township planning, and no more than 5% urban and rural planning and construction land use indicators can be reserved for the construction of leisure agriculture and rural tourism facilities with scattered and separate sites."
Cultivate "professional farmers"
What industry is developing in the future in the countryside? How do farmers develop in the future? Encourage and guide the city's high-quality agricultural science and technology resources to gather and develop, explore the agricultural management model of "land share cooperatives + agricultural professional managers + modern agricultural service system", and explore the implementation of the distribution mechanism of farmers' negative profits without loss, is the answer.
“With the construction of Pinggu Agricultural Science and Technology Innovation Demonstration Zone as a carrier, encourage and guide the city's high-quality agricultural science and technology resources to gather and develop. Improve the incentive mechanism and actively promote the cooperation between universities and institutes and various demonstration zones and industrial parks.” According to the Municipal Development and Reform Commission. People introduced that an important path to build high-quality agriculture is to support enterprises to take the capital, technology, brand and other shares to lead professional cooperatives, and explore the agricultural business model of “land share cooperatives + agricultural professional managers + modern agricultural service system”.
It will promote the deep cooperation of scientific research institutions, enterprises, social capital, entrepreneurs and other multi-agents, and encourage and support cooperatives to cooperate closely with enterprises through equity participation, etc., to form a close-interest community of interests, including “encouraging the formation of eligible financial funds. The assets of the assets are quantified to the rural collective economic organizations and farmers, and special protection is applied to the part of the farmer’s land management rights, and the distribution mechanism of the farmers’ negative profits is not explored.
The "Plan" also clarifies that in the future, professional farmers will be cultivated, pilots for the identification of professional farmers and professional titles will be explored, and new professional farmers will be supported to participate in vocational education and skills training. Combined with major projects and major events such as Beijing City Sub-center, Beijing Daxing International Airport and Airport Economic Zone, Huairou Science City, Future Science City, China Beijing World Horticultural Exposition in 2019, and Beijing Winter Olympics Winter Paralympic Games in 2022, Develop emerging industries, increase suitable positions, and promote rural employment near the spot. In addition, after the implementation of the Plan, it will further develop urban public management service posts, implement post performance appraisal, study specific measures to improve compensation subsidies, promote public employment in public welfare jobs, and further expand employment channels for rural labor.
Low-income farmers will exceed the standard line in 2020
What is the income of rural farmers in the future? How to achieve income increase? This well-received issue also has a clear answer in the “Planning”: by 2020, the current per capita disposable income of all low-income households will exceed the standard line, and low-income villages will all be eliminated.
According to the relevant person in charge of the Municipal Development and Reform Commission, in the future, in terms of promoting farmers' income, on the one hand, they will continue to help low-income farmers, and promote the transformation from promoting the increase to the system, including strengthening education, medical care, and housing security, to 2020. In the year, the per capita disposable income of 68,000 low-income rural households exceeded the current standard line, and all 234 low-income villages were low, and the integration of low-income farmers' assistance and social assistance policies will be realized.
On the other hand, the city will also implement the rural labor transfer employment management system, expand the coverage of the employment unemployment management system, implement refined public employment services, and “help the rural labor transfer employment”, including for low-income villages. And to help the industrial technology needs of the poverty-stricken areas, explore and innovate the "Internet + industry integration" technology poverty alleviation model, and vigorously develop new formats such as agricultural e-commerce.
According to the relevant person in charge of the Municipal Agricultural and Rural Bureau, about 64,000 rural laborers have been transferred to employment in the whole year, including 11,731 rural laborers in urban public service posts. In 2018, the per capita disposable income of low-income farmers in the city reached 12,524 yuan, an increase of 17.1% year-on-year. The basic pension for urban and rural residents increased from 610 yuan per person per month to 710 yuan, and the welfare pension increased from 525 yuan per person per month to 625 yuan. Yuan, urban and rural low-income, low-income families identified standards from the family monthly per capita 900 yuan, 1410 yuan to 1,000 yuan, 2120 yuan. (This group / reporter Lin Yan Wu Wenjuan)
Rural people's livelihood sent out "great package"
Primary health care
Will reach 15 to 30 minutes
In order to continuously improve the level of rural public service supply and realize the integration and equalization of urban and rural basic public services, the rural people's livelihood “great package” sent by the “Planning” has become a bright spot. For example, in rural education, the pre-school education layout will continue to be improved, and one public center kindergarten will be established in each township, and the full coverage of pre-school children entering the school will be basically achieved. In the sound of rural grassroots medical and health service system, by 2022, basic To achieve a community health service center or township health center in each township, and to plan, supplement and improve the establishment of village-level medical and health institutions, to achieve the goal of 15 to 30 minutes of primary health care services; in the construction of old-age service institutions By 2022, no less than 450 rural happy old age stations will be built, and one old-age care center will be built in each township in the plain and shallow mountainous areas. The rural old-age care institutions can provide different forms of medical and health services for the elderly. For the rural residents who are home-based, they will solve the daily diet problems of the old people by creating an “elderly dining car”.
At the same time, rural infrastructure will also be upgraded. It is clear in the "Planning" that it will follow the "ten one" (that is, a village "two committees" meeting room, a party member activity room, a village history village, a convenience service center, a cultural activity square or a street park, A farmer's bookstore, a public parking lot, a set of broadcasting systems, a monitoring and police system, and a party affairs village financial disclosure column, standardizing the construction of village basic service facilities. By 2020, the “ten one-one” village basic service facilities construction standards are basically universal and maintained in good operating condition. In the construction of rural transportation and logistics facilities, we will promote the construction of e-commerce platforms for agriculture, accelerate the construction of three-level logistics system for logistics centers, township logistics stations and village-level logistics points, and realize “village-to-village express delivery” by 2022.
Great improvement in rural living environment
Jiucheng rural public toilets in the city
More than three categories of standards next year
It is also a major focus of the "Planning" to improve the rural living environment with the main direction of dirty, chaos, greening and pollution control. In terms of “cleaning up”, by 2020, about 1,500 garbage classification demonstration villages will be required to be created, and 99% of administrative village household waste will be disposed of. At the same time, rural areas will also promote the “toilet revolution”. By 2020, more than 90% of administrative village public health toilets will meet three or more standards, and 98% of household toilets will meet sanitary toilet requirements. By 2022, the city’s rural public health toilets will reach three. Above the standard, 99% of the toilets meet the requirements of sanitary toilets.
In terms of “regulation of chaos”, the city will promote the rectification of village houses, the chaos, the chaos, the chaos and the chaos of the facades of buildings. Basically eliminate the phenomenon of invading the streets, chaos, chaos, and chaos. The installation and completion rate of street lamps reaches 100%. Regarding “greening”, the city will promote the greening and beautification of village public spaces, both sides of the roads, and peasant houses. Focus on promoting the construction of a number of green demonstration villages, effectively promoting the improvement of rural human settlements and improving the overall level of greening and beautification in the suburbs. By 2020, a total of 1,000 capital green villages will be created; by 2022, a total of 1,100 capital green villages will be created. The city will adopt effective “control of pollution” means to concentrate or decentralize the construction of sewage collection and treatment facilities in rural areas. By 2022, sewage treatment facilities will cover the city's urban-rural integration, important water sources and folk tourist villages.
Rural tourism quality upgrade
The city will create 100
Tourism and leisure villages and towns
According to the "Planning", in the upgrading of rural tourism quality, it will cultivate high-quality rural tourism brands, promote the creation of 100 tourism and leisure villages and towns, and create a number of fine agricultural festivals and farming experience activities. Combine the creation of a national tourism demonstration zone, relying on the carrier of the pastoral complex and ecological ditch, and actively develop functions such as agricultural tourism, leisure recreation, forest recreation, cultural experience, and ecological education, and encourage the development of parent-child agriculture, education and agriculture, and citizen farmers. Garden, family gardening and other formats, use the balcony, roof and other spaces to promote creative agriculture into the public family, promote the deep integration of agriculture and science, education, experience, and extend the leisure agricultural value chain.
Develop rural smart tourism, promote the development of characteristic hotels such as rural hotels and leisure farms, create and promote a number of leisure agriculture and rural tourism boutique brands, and create a number of star-level folk tourism villages, folk tourism receptionists, and leisure agricultural park star parks. Construct a group of folk custom villages with historical memory, regional characteristics and ethnic customs. With the 2019 China Beijing World Horticultural Exposition, the 2020 World Leisure Conference, the 2021 World Cherry Conference, the 2022 Beijing Winter Olympics Winter Paralympic Games and other major events, we will lead the rapid development of surrounding leisure agriculture and rural tourism. In addition, we will plan the construction of leisure agriculture in Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, jointly create a leisure tourism boutique tourism route, establish a Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei leisure agriculture public service platform, promote ecological co-construction, industrial synergy, benefit sharing, and jointly create ecological ditch characteristics. Leisure industry belt. (This group / reporter Wu Wenjuan Picture Production / Pan Wei)
By 2022, the city's newly added forest green area will be 964,000 mu, equivalent to the area of more than 220 Summer Palaces; the newly added wetland will be around 30,000 mu.
By 2020, 1,000 excellent agricultural product bases will be built; by 2022, the pass rate of quality inspection of agricultural products will be stable at over 98%.
By 2020, 100 rural famous brands and 200 high-quality varieties will be formed.
By 2020, more than 50% of the identified new professional farmers will be trained; by 2022, basic training will be fully covered.
By 2022, the coverage rate of rural sewage treatment facilities in key urban areas such as urban-rural integration, important water sources and folk tourism villages will increase from 52% to over 95%.
By 2020, the proportion of surface water reaching or better than Class III water bodies will reach more than 24%, and the proportion of inferior V water bodies will fall below 28%; by 2022, the quality of water environment will continue to increase.
By 2020, the safe utilization rate of contaminated land will reach over 90%, and the safe utilization rate of contaminated cultivated land will reach over 90%.
By 2022, the quality of cultivated land has increased by an average of 0.5 grades, and the irrigation water utilization factor has increased to over 0.75.
By 2020, a total of 1,000 capital green villages will be created; by 2022, a total of 1,100 capital green villages will be created.
By 2020, four types of key targets (agricultural household registration, poverty-stricken households, low-income households, rural decentralized support and poor disabled families) and low-income farmers will be completed.
By 2020, the reform of the township collective property rights system in the difficult villages, “one green”, “two greens” and key urbanized areas will be basically completed. (Text / reporter Lin Yan)
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