On January 16th, the Tokyo Museum of Japan will hold the “Book of St. – Yan Zhenqing and his special calligraphy exhibition”. Among them, Yan Zhenqing’s famous “The Sacrificial Manuscript”, which is collected in the National Palace Museum in Taipei, will also be exhibited, which sparked a heated discussion.
Netizens on both sides of the strait are very worried that the "Sacrificial Manuscripts" as extremely valuable cultural relics, long-distance travel exhibits may lead to irreparable damage.
The Sacrificial Manuscript is a draft of Yan Zhenqing, a great calligrapher of the Tang Dynasty. There are a lot of smears on it.from
It has always been hailed as "the second book", and is comparable to Wang Lanzhi's "Lanting Collection". Where is it really good?
Sacrifice Manuscript. Source: Taipei Palace Museum website
Rare Tang Dynasty Calligraphy
In the history of the development of Chinese calligraphy, Yan Zhenqing can be said to be the most famous calligrapher after Wang Hao. Su Shi once said, "Poetry is about Du Zimei, and the book is about Yan Lugong." For thousands of years, his calligraphy has influenced countless people in the book world.
The Sacrificial Manuscript is now in the National Palace Museum in Taipei, with a width of 59.6 cm and a length of 29.2 cm, which is roughly equivalent to the size of two A4 papers.from
It is called "the treasure of the town hall" together with Su Shi's "Cold Food Post" and Zhao Gan "Jiang Xingchu Snow Map".
Source: Taipei Palace Museum
Why is this thin piece of paper a "treasure of the town hall"?
– Because this is an extremely rare calligraphy of the Tang Dynasty.
The Sacrificial Manuscript was written in 758 AD and has a history of more than 1,200 years. In China, there were not many original paintings and paintings preserved before the Song and Yuan Dynasties. The paintings and paintings that have been passed down through the war are basically rare.
Because paintings and calligraphy are drawn on paper or enamel, the so-called "paper life is millennium, life is eight hundred", compared to jade and other storage-resistant cultural relics, the life of calligraphy and painting is extremely fragile, light, air humidity, microorganisms, etc. may bring Come to a certain damage.
It is also this kind of preciousness that the earliest existing Western Jin Dynasty calligraphy works "Ping Fu", as well as Huang Tingjian's "Zhushang" volume and Mi Fu's "Xuanxi Poetry", are included in the exhibition prohibiting going abroad. Heritage catalog.
Since 1984, the National Palace Museum in Taipei has selected 70 masterpieces to be listed as limited exhibits. It is stipulated that it can only be exhibited for a maximum of 42 days at a time. After the exhibition, it must be rested for more than three years. The Sacrificial Manuscript is also included. It was last exhibited in the “Jin and Tang Calligraphy Exhibition” in 2008.
Many people say that this kind of artifact isfrom
"Show once, hurt once" .
Words and blood: calligraphy and emotion are combined into one
Many people who write calligraphy are practicing from Yan Zhenqing's neatly written copybooks, but this famous "Sacrificial Manuscript" is an article full of grief.
In the 14th year of Tang Xuanzong Tianbao (AD 755), the Anshi rebellion broke out, and many counties in Hebei collapsed in a short period of time, and countless people were displaced. Yan Zhenqing and the cousin Yan Yuqing were loyal and rebelled against the rebels.
At that time, Yan Yuqing was stationed in Changshan County, and Yan Zhenqing guarded the plain county. The two brothers echoed each other and restrained some enemy forces. In order to help his father rebel, Yan Jiqing’s son, Yan Jiming, often contacted the two counties.
In the fifteenth year of Tianbao (AD 756), the rebel army Shi Siming captured Changshan, Yan Jiming was beheaded by the rebels, Yan Yanqing was also brutally killed by An Lushan, "Let the South Bridge of the South Bridge to the second column of the West, the solution It’s more than arrogant. In the Anshi rebellion, Yan’s one door was killed more than 30 times.
Two years later, Yan Zhenqing had the opportunity to send people to Hebei to find the widows of brothers and nephews. In the end, they only found Yan Jiming’s skull and some of Yan’s bones. With great grief, he wrote this late essay.
At the beginning, he described his personal identity and the status of his nephew. His rhythm was gentle and his pen and ink were relatively light. After he was transferred to the essay, his glyphs became larger, his strokes became thicker, and his ink began to thicken.
Source: Taipei Palace Museum website
He wrote that Xunzi was outstanding from an early age and was looking forward to being a good official. But who wants An Lushan to rebel against the army, their brothers resisted the enemy to recapture the Tumen, and stunned the thief's prestige, but because the thieves and soldiers did not save, Changshan became an isolated city.
"The thief is not saved, the lonely city is forced to force, the father is dead, and the nest is covered with eggs." Throughout the work, Yan Zhenqing's four words in the "father's death" are the heaviest. He questioned Heaven: "Who made this disaster makes you suffer so much, how many bodies can redeem your true body!"
Source: Taipei Palace Museum website
"Call the first singer, and the same with the sorrow. The sorrow and sorrow, shocking the heart." He wrote that the "first scorpion" of the dead (the scorpion of the skull) was collected and buried three years later, short In a few short lines, I changed it and changed it. "When I mourn," I wrote it with cursive scripts.
In the end, he confessed to death. "Await another good day, and choose a good cemetery to bury you. If your soul can still know all this, please don't blame it for a long time here." The words poured down like rivers.
Source: Taipei Palace Museum website
The "Sacrificial Manuscript" has a total of 23 lines, 234 words. Due to the emotional agitation, these words are sparse and dense, the ink is heavy and light, and there are even traces of "dry pen". Yan Zhenqing's long-standing accumulation of calligraphy skills swayed out under tragic emotions and has a strong artistic appeal.
The Yuan Dynasty calligrapher Yu Yushu said,from
"Tang Taishi Lu Gong Yan Zhenqing's book "The Sacrifice of the Ming Dynasty", the second day of the book."
The height of character and character
Yan Zhenqing's calligraphy style is strong and strong, and his own personality has just been introduced. Twenty-six years after the writing of the Sacrifice Manuscript, he was sent to persuade the rebel Li Xilie, who was strangled by repeated deaths, at the age of 76.
De Zongyi, "the instrumental talent, outstanding public loyalty, access to the four dynasties, a strong ambition."
"Yan Zhenqing's book Huzhou Posts". Source: Beijing Palace Museum website
People often say that "words are like their own people." After the middle of the Northern Song Dynasty, Yan Zhenqing's calligraphy was highly praised by literati and even praised as a god. Ouyang Xiu strongly advocated Yan Zhenqing: "The loyalty of the sage is out of nature, so its calligraphy and painting is strong and independent, and it does not strike the front, it is quite strange, and it seems to be human."
During this period, people admired Yan Zhenqing's calligraphy skills, but also regarded him as a moral model, praised his unyielding personality, and raised his ritual activities for temple repair.
In the royal family, Yan Zhenqing's famous article "The Sacrifice Manuscript" and "Situation Draft" were collected in Song Xuanhe Neifu; in the folk, there are many Yan Zhenqing's works sorted out, and Yan Shuzheng became the target of collectors. .
Calligrapher Mi Fu’s "Book History" records "Lu Gong's "Cold Food Post",
The paper-cut book, in the Qianxun, the world stone carving." In the Southern Song Dynasty, there was even a phenomenon of fake book.
The superb calligraphy skills and deep emotions, together with Yan Zhenqing’s own staunch atmosphere, have given the supreme charm of the Sacrificial Manuscript, becoming the household name of the Second Book of Heaven. .
In the case that Wang Zhenzhi's "Lanting Collection" is no longer in the human world, it is even more precious to preserve the "Sacrificial Manuscripts".
In the past millennium, this calligraphy work full of historical value and artistic value still has the opportunity to be seen. It is really a happy thing for the whole human race.
Reporter: Ren Siyu
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